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Carp115KeystoneVoc1

Carp115KeystoneVocab

QuestionAnswer
non-living parts of the environment such as air, water, sunlight abiotic
The movement of molecules from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration using energy active transport
Nitrogenous base that matches with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA adenine
A version of a gene due to a variation in the nucleotide sequence allele
The building blocks of proteins amino acid
Production of ammonia due to decomposition by bacteria ammonification
Structures in different organisms that have the same function but are different in form and inheritance analogous structure
How often an allele occurs in a population allele frequency
associated with water aquatic
the movement of abiotic factors such as carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and water between the living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem biogeochemical cycles
the similar ecosystems of a large geographical area with species adapted to the environment biome
the ecosystem of the planet, made up of all the biomes biosphere
a living or once-living thing in the environment biotic
a single piece of DNA, made up of genes chromosome
The populations of different species that inhabit a particular area community
when two organisms or species demand the same limited resources competition
an organism that gets its energy by feeding on other organisms consumer
an organism that gets its energy by breaking down dead or decaying matter, making nutrients available for other organisms decomposer
The macromolecule that stores genetic information in living things deoxyribonucleic acid
the process by which DNA makes an exact copy of itself DNA Replication
the study of the relationships between organisms and their environment ecology
the community of living organisms and nonliving elements of an area ecosystem
a species living in the area where it orginated endemic species
an organism made of one or more complex cells with DNA contained in a nucleus and specialized organelles eukaryote
the change in allele frequencies over time that results in new species developing from existing species evolution
a model that shows the flow of energy from one organism to another food chain
a model of interrelated food chains that shows the flow of energy between organisms food web
the preserved remains and traces of organisms that once lived on Earth fossils
the decrease in genetic variation when a population arises from a small number of individuals founder effect
specialized cells used in reproduction; sperm and egg cells gametes
a sequence of nucleotides on a stretch of DNA that contains the information needed to make a protein gene
the process through which the information in a gene is used to produce a protein or RNA gene expression
a change in allele frequency in a population due to chance events genetic drift
the combination of alleles for a particular gene genotype
an area within an ecosystem that provides an organism with the resources it needs to survive habitat
a similar structures in different organisms that are the result of inheritance from a common ancestor homologous structures
the expression of a trait phenotype
has ribosomes attached to it; is involved in the production of proteins and transports materials for inside and outside the cell rough endoplasmic reticulum
is involved in the production of lipids and hormones smooth endoplasmic reticulum
a model that shows the amount of energy stored in the bodies of organisms at different trophic levels of an ecosystem energy pyramid
the temperature at which a liquid changes phases to become a solid freezing point
an organelle in eukaryotic cells that processed materials for release from the cell Golgi apparatus Golgi complex
not allowing the passage of a substance impermeable
organic macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and relatively little oxygen that are insoluble in water lipids
large, complex molecules made of chains of smaller molecules macromolecules
the process of cell division that produces gametes meiosis
organelle where energy transformation takes place mitochondria
small, building block molecules that combine through chemical reactions to form large polymers monomers
biological macromolecules made of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and phosphorus that convey genetic information nucleic acids
a membrane-bound organelle in eukaryotic cells that contains genetic material nucleus
a specialized part of a cell with a specific function organelle
molecules that contain carbon and hydrogen that make up all forms of life organic compounds
a phospholipid bilayer that encloses a cell to separate it from its environment plasma membrane
cellular structure that controls the passage of materials into and out of the cell plasma membrane
another name for the plasma membrane cell membrane
a trait determined by many different genes polygenic traits
a unicellular organism lacking a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles prokaryote
a macromolecule made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen that performs structural and regulatory functions for cells protein
a cellular structure made of proteins and RNA where proteins synthesis takes place ribosome
the process by which a double strand of DNA separates and each strand serves as a template for replication semi-conservative replication
the amount of heat energy needed to increase the temperature of one gram of a substance one degree Celsius specific heat
associated with land terrestrial
a chromosome alteration in which genes are moved or exchanged between chromosomes translocation
a protein in the plasma membrane that is involved in the movement of molecules and ions into and out of the cell transport protein
the position of an organism in a food web or chain trophic level
made up of a single cell unicellular
a structure that has lost its original function but suggests common ancestry vestigial structure
Created by: carp115