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Apologia Bio Mod 7

Definitions for Apologia Biology - Module #7 (2nd Edition)

genetics the science that studies how characteristics get passed from parent to offspring
genetic factors the general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
environmental factors those "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behavioral choices
spiritual factors the factors in a person's life that are determined by the quality of his or her relationship with God
gene a section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein or a portion of protein, thereby causing a trait
messenger RNA the RNA that performs transcription
anticodon a three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
codon a sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific type of amino acid
chromosome DNA coiled around and supported by proteins, found in the nucleus of the cell
mitosis a process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells
interphase the time interval between cellular reproduction
centromere the region that joins two sister chromatids
mother cell a cell ready to begin reproduction, containing duplicated DNA and centrioles
karyotype the figure produced when the chromosomes of a species during metaphase are arranged according to their homologous pairs
diploid cell a cell with chromosomes that come in homologous pairs
haploid cell a cell that thaw only one representative of each chromosome pair
diploid number (2n) the total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
haploid number (n) the number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
meiosis the process by which a diploid (2n) cell forms gametes (n)
gametes haploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of sexual reproduction
virus a non-cellular agent that has two characteristics: (1) it has genetic material (RNA or DNA) inside a protective protein coat, (2) it cannot reproduce on its own.
antibodies specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
vaccine a weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of antibodies which can aid in destroying the pathogen
Created by: SweetPeaMcD