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USIDMS Lower Extremity Venous

Why are deep veins more likely to have a thrombi rather than superficial veins? Due to the contraction of the calf muscle
What type of transducer is best used to perform a lower extremity venous exam? linear array (5-10MHz)
What is the termination of the GSV into the CFV called? saphenofemoral junction (SFJ)
Is the GSV a deep or superficial vein? superficial
What is the main drainage for blood leaving the calf? Popliteal veins
What is the prime source of thrombi in the leg? Soleal sinus veins
Is the gastrocnemius a deep or superficial vein? deep
What is the appearance of acute thrombus? lightly echogenic, poorly attached, spongy texture, dilated vein
What is May-Turner syndrome? when the left common iliac vein is compressed by the right common iliac artery
What are the three mechanisms for the formation of venous thrombosis? 1. Venous stasis 2. Vessel wall injury 3. Hypercoagulable state (Virchow's triad)
Created by: bnlane