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Den 150 Final

Chapters 14 ,17, 18, 19, 26

TermDefinition
Excavator aka spoon, used to remove carious material & debris from the teeth. also removes excess dental cement, tucking rubber dams material & packing gingival retraction cord
Diamond are used for rapid reduction of tooth structure during cavity preparation, polishing & finishing composite restorations and occlusal adjustment. also used for bone & gingival contouring
Working End where the bur is located in the dental handpiece
Pen Grasp instrument is held the same way as a pencil with the middle finger under the instrument. used with instruments with angled shanks
Palm Grasp instrument is held in the palm of the hand with the fingers wrapped around it. used for surgical pliers. plam is upward hen working on maxillary and downward when working on mandibular
Palm Thumb Grasp instrument is held in the palm of the hand with the 4 fingers wrapped around it and the thumb extended upward from the palm
Right handed operators the DA passes and receives with the left hand
DA Passes the instrument should be parallel to the instrument the operator is giving to the DA
Retraction Of tissues the tongue, cheeks, lips and tissues are pulled back to give a better view. retractors are the mouth mirror, rubber dam, evacuator tip, cotton and specially designed tissue retractors
Indirect vision when the operator uses a mouth mirror to view areas of the oral cavity not seen directly
Universal Numbering System 1- 32 and Primary are A - T
FDI the teeth are numbered 1-8 with 4 quadrants ex. maxillary right lateral incisor is numbered 12
Palmer teeth are numbered 1-8 with brackets representing the quadrants
Class 1 Caries in the pit and fissures of the teeth. can be on the occlusal surfaces of the posterior teeth
Class 2 Caries on the mesial or distal surfaces of the posterior teeth
Class 3 Caries on the mesial or distal surfaces of the anterior teeth
Class 4 Caries on the mesial or distal or incisal edge of anterior teeth
Class 5 Caries occur on the cervical third of the facial or lingual surface of the tooth. caused by sucking on sweets, taking medication, chewing gum and drinking soda
Class 6 Caries incisal and occlusal surfaces that have worn away due to abrasion
G.V Black created the first 5 classifications of caries and blacks formula
Crowns several different types and variations including gold, porcelain, stainless steel and plastic
Red (charting) work that needs to be ompleted
Blue (charting) work that has been completed or is existing
Palpate to touch or feel to determine the condition of the tissue
Etiology the cause of a disease
Inflammation Process pain, heat, swelling, redness dolor, calor, tumor, rubor
Blister a rised circular area filled with fluid. this fluid leaks from blood vessels to underlying layers of skin from traumas like, burns, friction, or disease
Abscess concentrated area of puss formed from infection. can be periodontal or periapical
Ecchymosis the medical term for bruising
Hyperplasia small ulcers that become folds of excess tissue due to continued irritationLeuoplKIA
Ankylosis the tooth, cementum, or dentin fuses with the alveolar bone, restricting movement of the tooth as well as eruption
Anodontia when teeth are congenitally missing ex wisdom teeth
Cancer Warning signs pain that does not go away within a month, lumps and swelling, white or rough lesions on the mouth, dryness, numbness, soreness or burning, difficulty chewing swallowing or speaking, and repeated bleeding
Leukoplakia a white leathery patch that cannot be identified
Giingival Hyperplasia when the connective tissue over grows the teeth
Bells Palsy temporary paralysis of one side of the face
Shingles aka herpes zoster, are unilateral painful lesions that can last up to 5 weeks
Hand cutting pieces angle formers, chisels, excavators, gingival margin trimmers, hatchets, hoes
Class 1 Motion only finger motion
Class 2 Motion only finger and wrist
Class 3 Motion involves finger, wrist and elbow
Class 4 Motion involves movement of entire arm and shoulder
Class 5 Motion movement of the entire arm and twisting of the body
Supine reclined position where the patients nose and knee are on the same plane
Sub-Supine reclined position where the patients head is lower then the feet
Air/water syringe provides air, water and combination of both t help keep the oral cavity clean and dry and protect the tooth from the heat produced by the handpieces
Rheostat a round disk on the floor that controls the speed of the handpieces
Air compressor provides compressed air for the handpieces and air/water syringe
Central Vacuum System provides suction for the saliva ejectors and oral evacuation. all filters must be cleaned regularly
4 Handed when the dentist and the DA are working in the oral cavity together
6 Handed when the dentist and the DA are working together and another person brings tools, material and helps assist in certain procedures
Kaposis Sarcoma an unusual malignant vascular tumor that is aggressive and spreads rapidly found in AIDS patients
Plastic filling instruments Used to place and condense pliable material and place cement bases in the cavity preperation
DA feet Resting flat on the tabular bar on the bottom of the stool with their thighs parallel to the floor
Parts of dental instruments working end (head), the handle (shaft) , the shank
sandpaper discs garnet, sand, emery, cuttlefish. used to polish and finish all types of restorations and appliances
Created by: red112409