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DEN 150

Chairside Assisting Final

QuestionAnswer
Supine Position Reclined position with the nose and knees on the same plane
Subsupine Position Reclined position with the head lower than the feet
Air-water syringe Provides air, water, or a combined spray of air and water. The tip of the syringe is removable and made of disposable plastic or autoclavable metal
Control for Handpiece Controlled by a foot pedal called rheostat
Class I motion Involves only finger movement
Class II Motion Involves movement of the fingers and wrist
Class III Motion Involves finger, wrist,elbow movement
Class IV Motion Involves movement of the entire arm and shoulder
Class V Motion Involves movement of the arm and twisting of the body
How to close an office the responsible person stays after the last patiuent and makes sure that everything is turned off and the office is ready for patients the next day
Flush Vacuum Lines At the end of the day
air compressor Provides compressed air for the handpiece and air for the air water syringe
Central Vacuum System Provides suction for saliva ejections and oral evacuators at each dental unit
Assistant positioned-operator 4 to 6 inches. Asstant is positioned across from the operator on the opposite side of the patient
Four-Handed Dentistry When the dentist and assistant are working at the dental chair together
Six-handed Dentistry An additional assistant is needed to bring items to the treatment room, assist the assistant in mixing materials, or the help with a patient
Treatment mandibular Arch dental light The light is raised and the beam is directed downward
Treatment maxillary Arch dental light The light is lowerted and the beam is directed upward
Assistant Feet resting on a flat ring or tabular bar around the base of the stool just above the casters (wheels), and his or her thighs are parallel to the floor
Operatory Room Also called the dental treatment rooms
Treatment Room Also called the operatory room
Class I Caries 3 sides pits & fissure of the teeth occlusal surfaces of the posterior teeth
Class II Caries proximal (mesialor distal) surfaces on the posterior teeth (premolars & molars)
Class III Caries Interproximal surfaces (mesial & distal) of anterior teeth (canines, lateral incisors & central incisors)
Class IV Caries interproximal surfaces (mesial or distal) of anterior teeth & include the incisal edge
Class V Caries cervical third of the facial or lingual surface of the tooth. Caries V caries occur because the patient regularly sucks on sweets (gingival third)
Class VI Caries Caries were not part of original standard classification. of cavities. involve the incisal or occlusal surface that has been worn away due to abrasion
Palmer permanent teeth are #red 1 through 8 in each quadrant bracket is used to denote which quadrant it is referring to
FDI Permanent dentition is identified by a 1 for the upper right quadrant, 2 for the upper left quadrant, 3 for the lower left quadrant, 4 for the lower right quadrant
Universal Each permanent tooth has its own #, Starting form the maxillary right 3rd molar as 1 to maxillary left 3rd molar as 16 drops to mandibular left 3rd molar as 17 to mandibular right 3rd molar as 32
Red Work to be done
Blue Work completed
Crowns made of? Gold, porcelain, gold and porcelain
Amalgam Outlined & filled solid blue or red
Composite Outlined in red or blue
Completed RCT line straight through root red or blue
Implant Lines on root blue or red
Parts of a Dental Hand Instrument Working end, shank, handle
Hand Cutting Instruments Angle formers, chisels, excavators, gingival margin trimmers, hatchets, hoes
Excavator Also known as "spoon excavators" are instruments used to remove various material and debris from the teeth.
Uses of Mouth mirror Indirect vision, reflection of light, retraction, transillumination
Plastic Filling Instruments Used to place and condense pliable restorative materials and to place cement bases in the cavity preparation.
Round bur Used first to open the cavity & remove carious tooth structures
Contra-angle headpiece- shank Latch type
Inverted Cone Bur Removes caries & makes undercuts in the preparation
Abrasive materials: garnet, sand, emery, & cuttlefish Sandpaper discs
Bur placed where in hand piece The chuck hold the shank portion of the bur in place
Bur for the high speed Friction-grip shank
Tapered Fissure straight Forms divergent walls of the cavity preparation
Plain fissure cross cut Forms the cavity walls of the preparation
Diamond Burs Rapid reduction of tooth structures during cavity preparations, polishing & finishing composite restorations, and occlusal adjustment
Operator signals they are ready for exchange Usually, this signal occurs when the operator tilts the instrument back away from the patient while still maintaining a folcrum
Instrument transfer: right/ left handed operator Assistant's left hand w/ a right handed operator Assistant's right hand w/ a left handed operator
Pen grasp Same manner as a pen or pencil. Used w/ angled shanks
Modified Pen Grasp Held with the same fingers as the pen grasp except that the pad of the middle finger is placed on the top of the inst. w/ the index finger. Proffered provides more control & strength used w/ angled shanks
palm grasp Holds inst. In the palm of the hand & fingers grasp the handle of the inst. Used w/ surgical pliers, rubber dam forceps, & other forceps
Palm Thumb Grasp Grasps handle of the inst. in the palm of the hand w/ the four fingers wrapped around the handle while the thumb is extended upward from the palm. Used w/ straight shanks & blades, such as chisels or the wedelstaedt chisel
DA holds inst. to be transferred Hold inst. to be passed parallel to the inst. held by the operator
Maintaining the operation field-Requirements Determined by the type of procedure, thru tooth or teeth being treated, oral anatomy of the patient, & the preferences of the operator
Tissue retracted- field of vision Retraction of the tongue cheeks lips & tissue is used to increase the field of vision in the oral cavity
Stinson's duct-saliva Dry angles
During indirect Vision keep mirror cleared how? Directing air w/ air/water syringe
Grasp for posterior HVE Thumb to nose grasp
Grasp for anterior HVE Pen or modified grasp
Palpation Feeling w/ fingers
Etiology Cause of disease
Inflammatory Process Erythema (redness), heat, edema (swelling), pain
Blister Raised area, usually oval or circular, filled w/ fluid that protects the damaged tissue
Abscess Concentrated area of pus formed as a result of infection by microorganisms
Shingles Herpes Zoster painful lesions that can last up to 5wk
leukoplakia White leathery patch that cannot be identified as any other type of lesion
Kaposis Sarcoma AID's patients present w/ an usual malignant vascular tumor
Anodontia Occurs when teeth are congenitally missing
Hyperplasia Ill-fitted dentures cause small ulcers that, after continued irritation become folds of excess tissue in the palatial area the rugs palatine become inflamed & swollen
Bells palsy Temporary paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face
Ankylosis Condition in which the tooth cementum or Dentin fuses w/ the alveolar bone, restricting movement of the tooth as well as eruption
Gingival Hyperplasia Occurs when the connective tissue grows over the tooth (Dilantin hyperplasia)
Cancer warning signs -sores,- lumps &swelling in lips & neck,- white lesions or rough,- Dryness in mouth, - numbness in or around mouth,- soreness or burning sensation,- difficulty chewing, speaking, or swallowing,- repeated bleeding
Coolant from hand piece Air, water, or an air water spray is used
Classification for caries developed by? G.V. Black (the "grand old man of dentistry")
Upright Position
During Inst. Tranfer
5 pictures
Created by: emontiel2010