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Chapter 5-7 DT

infecetion control

TermDefinition
what does sterilization destroy? the process of destroying all microoragnisms
what is the process of disinfection? the application of chemicals to kill, reduce or eliminate germs
what is an inoculation? an injection of microorganisms, serums, or toxing into the body
natural aquired immunity is when? a person is infected, produces antibodies, then recovers from that disease
artifical aquired immunity is when? its obtained from an inoculation or vaccination against a disease
passive aquired immunity is when? it results from reciving antibodies from another source, like brest milk, or injections of gamma globulin, antioxidents, or immune serums
passive natural aquired immunity is when? it passes from mother to fetus, within breast milk or congenitally
what is circumvallate papillae? large mushroom shaped papillae on the posterior dorsum area of the tounge
caries is refered to as? DECAY!
incipient caries is? the beggining of decay
rampant caries is? widespread or growing of decay
recurrent caries is? decay occuring under or near repaired margins of tooth restorations
arrested caries is? decay showing no progress or tendencies
fissured tongue deep crack in the center of the tongue, considered developmental cause
hairy tongue black or dark brown projection's resembling hairs arising from the tongue dorsum, maybe cause by medications or drug treatment
geographical tongue flat, irregular, red lesions on the dorsum of the tongue
periodontal abscess originating/ progressing from inflammation on the periodontal tissues
oral lesion altered inflammatory tissue or infected patch of skin caused by infections, hemorrhages and ulcerations. lesions that effect tissues are called caries
Herpes vesicles or watery pimples that burst and crust. also called fever blisters or cold sores when on the lips. cause by a virus
Fordyce granules small yellow spots on the mucous membrane. usually on the soft palate or buccal mucosa
apthous ulcers small painful ulcer within the mouth. also called canker sores
trench mouth highly inflamed and dying gingival tissues. also known as AUNG or Vincent's Disease
indirect infection resulting from improper handling of materials
carrier infection exchange of disease by direct/ indirect contact with an infected human or animal
droplet infection airborne infection from which pathogens are discharged from the mouth or nose through the air and settle on surfaces
parenteral entry piercing of the skin or mucus membrane. also known as "needle prick"
contact infection infection from intimate relationships through saliva, blood or mucus membrane
Antibodies protein substances produced by the body in response to an antigen
subject symptoms evidence of a disease as reported by the patient
object symptoms evidence of a disease tat is reported by someone other then the patient
pathology the study of a disease
etiology the cause of a disease
Fungi some fungi are beneficial some are pathogenic causing thrush, athletes foot and ringworm
germicide substance that kills some germs
philtrum median groove the extends from the upper lip o the tip of the nose
commissure corners of the mouth where the lips meet
palpate to determine the condition of tissue by touching or feeling
oral symptoms of AIDS gingival lesions, thrush, swollen glands, and herpes lesions. there may be signs of Kaposi's sarcoma
Kaposi's sarcoma skin lesion cancer
systemic fluoride fluoride that is taken orally, in the water supply, vitamins or drops
topical fluoride fluoride that is placed on the tooth surface such as liquids, gels, or pastes
cariogenic the start of decay that is caused by the patient's diet, what they eat
explain OSHA (occupational safety and health administration) issues and enforces restrictions and guidelines for infection control, sets standards and regulates conditions for employers to provide safety to their employees
explain OSAP (organization for safety and asepsis procedures) a national organization of professionals that study and suggest for regulations and guidelines for infection control
explain CDCP (centers for disease control and protection) set regulates and issues suggestions for infection control, which are enforced by OSHA
explain EPA (environmental protection agency) regulates and approves materials, equipment, medical devices, and chemicals used in dental practices
explain FDA (food and drug administration) regulates and approves marketing products and solutions used in infection control
Created by: red112409