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What organisms make their own food? (plants and algae are examples) Autotrophs
Photosynthesis converts ________ energy into _______ energy in the form of glucose. Light, Chemical
Light absorbing molecules are called? Pigments
The main plant pigment is called? Chlorophyl
What is the laboratory technique that separates plant pigments for study? Chromatography
What part of the plant cell does photosynthesis occur? Chloroplast
What is the chemical formula for photosynthesis? H2O+CO2+O2+glucose
What are the two stages of photosynthesis? Light-dependent reaction and Calvin Cycle
What are small holes on the underside of leaves that let them exchange the gases used in photosynthesis? Stoma
What opens and closes stomata? Guard cells
Process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water to food is _______? Photosynthesis
________ are stacks of thylakoids within chloroplasts. Grana
What is a saclike membrane that is the structural unit of the grana in the chloroplasts of plant cells? Thylakoid
What is the connective tissue framework of an organ, gland, or other structure? Stroma
A ________ is a protecting film covering the epidermis of leaves. Cuticle
What is the the lower layer of the ground tissue of a leaf? Spongy mesophyll
What is the upper layer of ground tissue in a leaf? Palisade mesophyll
What is the process of water movement through a plant and its evaporation? Transpiration
______ is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other. Xylem
What is the the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other metabolic products downward from the leaves? Phloem
__________ are organic pigments that are found in the chloroplasts of plants. Carotenoids
What is a yellow carotenoid pigment found with chlorophyll in green plants? Xanthophylls
Created by: gmottola