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What organisms make their own food? (plants and algae are examples) Autotrophs
Photosynthesis converts ________ energy into _______ energy in the form of glucose. Light, Chemical
Light absorbing molecules are called? Pigments
The main plant pigment is called? Chlorophyl
What is the laboratory technique that separates plant pigments for study? Chromatography
What part of the plant cell does photosynthesis occur? Chloroplast
What is the chemical formula for photosynthesis? H2O+CO2+O2+glucose
What are the two stages of photosynthesis? Light-dependent reaction and Calvin Cycle
What are small holes on the underside of leaves that let them exchange the gases used in photosynthesis? Stoma
What opens and closes stomata? Guard cells
Process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water to food is _______? Photosynthesis
________ are stacks of thylakoids within chloroplasts. Grana
What is a saclike membrane that is the structural unit of the grana in the chloroplasts of plant cells? Thylakoid
What is the connective tissue framework of an organ, gland, or other structure? Stroma
What is one of the main chemical compounds that cells use to store and release chemical energy? ATP
What is a compound that is similar to ATP but has only 2 phosphate groups? I am synonymous to a partially charged battery. ADP
Sunlight excites me in chlorophyll and I gain a great deal of energy. High energy electron
I transfer high energy electrons from chlorophyll to other molecules. NADP+
I carry high-energy electrons to chemical reactions elsewhere in the cell. NADPH
Light connecting units of chloroplast is (a) ______? Photosystem
I am a protein that allows hydrogen ions to pass through me, rotating as they go, to form ATP. ATP synthase
_________ is the movement of ions across a selectively permeable membrane, down their electrochemical gradient. Chemiosmosis
A ________ is a protecting film covering the epidermis of leaves. Cuticle
What is the the lower layer of the ground tissue of a leaf? Spongy mesophyll
What is the upper layer of ground tissue in a leaf? Palisade mesophyll
What is the process of water movement through a plant and its evaporation? Transpiration
______ is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other. Xylem
What is the the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other metabolic products downward from the leaves? Phloem
__________ are organic pigments that are found in the chloroplasts of plants. Carotenoids
What is a yellow carotenoid pigment found with chlorophyll in green plants? Xanthophylls
What is the electromagnetic spectrum observed when radiation traverses a particular absorbing medium? Absorption spectrum
.... Ground state electron
Created by: gmottola