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CP Biotechnology

Biotechnology F14

QuestionAnswer
adaptation process of adjusting to an environment that improves an organism's likelihood of survival and reproduction
biotechnology The industrial use of living organisms or their components to improve human health and food production.
cloning to make one or more genetic replicas of an individual or cell.
DNA fingerprint A method used to identify DNA banding patterns that are specific to an individual or for comparing the nucleotide sequences of fragments of DNA from different sources.
gel electrophoresis the separation of nucleic acids or proteins, on the basis of their size and electrical charge, by measuring their rate of movement through an electrical field in a gel.
gene therapy – placing a normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders.
genetically modified organism an organism whose genetic material has been altered
Human Genome Project A project to map the entire genetic material of humans
plasmid A small ring of DNA that carries accessory genes separate from those of a bacterial chromosome
recombinant DNA A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sources
stem cell self-regenerating cells in the marrow of long bones that give rise, by differentiation and division, to red blood cells and all of the different types of white blood cells.
transgenic organism an organism that has had its genotype altered by the introduction of a gene or DNA sequence into its genome by genetic manipulation.
restriction enzyme An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of DNA at specific locations , producing small fragments used in gene splicing for DNA technology.
Created by: nbctbio