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Latin grammar study

TermDefinition
Ablative absolute Translates to "As X, Y happened" w/variations. Construction: Ablative noun with agreeing participle.
Anaphora Repetition of a word. Meaning varies w/word(s).
Comparative adverb Adverb in the comparative form, ends -ius
Gerund Type: any verb ending in "-ing", walking, speaking, etc. Construction: Normal verb, insert "-nd-" between root and ending
Inverted verb form Compound verb where the other part comes first, "sublata est" inverted would be "est sublata," means nothing special-artistic decision
Indirect command Command w/out volative. Revealed by translation.
Relative clause Began by relative pronoun(q-word) which is always next to what they affect, usually broken off by something. Translates to "X, which Y,..."
Reflexive verb Modifies the user, "they X themselves", usually uses "se"
Passive periphrastic Translates to "must be," gerundive with sum
Correlative Two conjunctions in a sentence, translates to something like "both X and Y" or by conjunction
Ablative of comparison Ablative case, translate for use, translates as comparison(duh)
Superlative adjective "Most" adjective form, ends w/"-tissimi"
Gapped word Used when there's no nominative in a sentence, comes from older sentence by context
Comparative adjective "More" adjective form, ends w/"-as"
Result clause Clause constructed as "Since X, THEN Y" where caps is actual clause
Conditional clause Clause constructed as "If X, then Y"
Present Active Infinitive Basic infinitive form, "re" verb, translates "to X"
Enclitic conjunction Special construct where conjunction is appended to the end of a word
Ablative of agent Ablative case, uses "a" for conjunction, translates as "by X"
Ablative of accompaniment Ablative case, uses "cum" for conjunction, translates to "with X"
Relative clause of characteristic Relative clause that describes someone, built like relative clause
Appositive Noun that defines another noun
Present passive infinitive Translates as "to be X", add -ri to end
Accusative object of preposition Accusative noun with preposition, modifies another noun
Present active participle Conjugated as 3rd-declension adjective, "Xing Y"
Ablative of manner Ablative form, has some adjective/adverb to go with it, "with X"
Future active participle Recognizable by "futuristic "-urus" ending", "X who is going to Y"
Ablative of place Ablative form, has preposition with ablative noun describing place
Cum clause "With [...]", always has a "cum" in it
Perfect passive participle Remove "-um" from word, add "-us", "Yed X"
Ablative of means Ablative form, what they did it with, one-word(in ablative, duh), translate to see
Ablative of time Ablative form, noun in ablative, translate to see
Ablative of cause Ablative form, uses qu-word, translates as why, translate to see
Positive adverb "more" as adverb, "-er"
Future active infinitive Future ur, requires esse, "will be doing"
Accusative object of preposition Accusative case, look for preposition word to find
Superlative adjective Most adjective, "issimo" ending
Partitive genitive Part of a group, translate for location
Ablative of separation Ablative form, basic ablative
Ablative of accompaniment Ablative form, who they're with, always uses "cum"
Syncopated verb form When a verb gets the V removed
Gerundive Translates: "deserves to be X", d(vowel)m (dam, dum)
Diminutive "-ulo", makes something "smaller"
Imperative Translates as "do X", singular is Xe, plural is X(vowel)re
Vocative Case, describes the speaker, same as nominative-see context for confirmation
Created by: lapplebey