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Bact, Virus, Taxon

virus non-living made up of a protein coat and nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)
nucleic acid DNA or RNA
bacteriophage virus that infects bacteria
host cell a virus can only reproduce inside of this
lytic cycle rapidly kills the host cell and new viruses are released
lysogenic cycle the virus does not immediately kill the host cell but will eventually become harmful
common cold, influenza, warts, AIDS, chicken pox all types of viruses
Vaccination a weakened or dead virus to stimulate the body to attack the virus if it enters the body again
Vaccines used to prevent viruses
unicellular one cell
multicelluar more than one cell
prokaryote cell with no nucleus; bacteria
eukaryote cell with a nucleus
flagellum a tail used for movement
binary fission asexual reproduction done by bacteria
conjugation process for bacteria to allow for some genetic variation
lyme disease, tuberculosis, meningitis, strep throat, tooth decay all types of baterial diseases
antibiotics used to kill bacteria; cannot be used on viruses
antibiotic resistance when bacteria evolve or mutate due to improper use of antibiotics
taxonomy science of classifying and naming organisms
binomial nomenclature 2-word naming system
genus and species makes up the name of the organism
DKPCOFGS Domain, Kingdom, Phylym, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species (Dear King Phillip Came Over For Good Soup)
heterotroph organism that consumes food; has to eat others
autotroph makes its own food; photosynthesis
motile movement
archaebacteria prokaryotic, unicellular, extreme environments
eubacteria prokaryotic, unicellular, neutral environments
protista eukaryotic, mostly unicellular, ameobas, paramecium, euglena, mainly live in water
fungi eukaryotic, cell walls of chitin, heterotrophic, decomposers
plantae eukaryotic, cell walls of cellulose, autotrophic, chloroplasts, multicellular
animalia eukaryotic, no cell walls, no chloroplasts, multicellular, heterotrophic, sexual reproduction
eukarya, archae, and bacteria types of domains
archabacteria, eubacteria, protista, fungi, plant, and animal types of kingdoms
domain broadest, least specific classification eukarya is example
Created by: JMHSBIO