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Nouns (Barrons)

24.8 Language Terminology

letter la lettre
A is the first letter of the alphabet. A est la première letter de l'alphabet.
sound le son
vowel la voyelle
nasal vowel une voyelle nasale
consonant la consonne
voiced consonant une consonne sonore
Link these two words. Faites la liason entre ces deux mots.
syllable la syllabe
language la langue
spoken language la langue parlée
written language la langue écrite
normal speech la langue courante
When he has been drinking, he talks nonsense Quand il a bu, il raconte n'importe quoi.
familiar speech la langue familière (fam)
colloquial/ordinary language la langue populaire
When he's smashed, he's really full of it. Quand il est rond, il déconne à plein tube.
elevated, literary language la langue littéraire/ soutenue
teen slang la langue des jeunes
Teen slang contains lots of colloquial expressions. La langue des jeunes contient beaucoup d'expressions familières.
period le point
colon les deux points
exclamation point le point d'exclamation
question mark le point d'interrogation
comma la virgule
semi-colon le point-virgule
accent l'accent (m)
accent aigu l'accent aigu
accent grave l'accent grave
accent circonflexe l'accent circonflexe
cedilla la cédille
dash le tiret
hyphen le trait d'union
parenthesis la parenthèse
to open/close parentheses ouvrir/fermer une parenthèse
quotation marks les guillemets
in quotation marks entre guillemets
word le mot
noun le nom
(concrete) noun le substantif
gender le genre
masculine masculin(e)
feminine feminin(e)
number le nombre
to agree in gender and number s'accorder en genre et en nombre
singular le singulier
plural le pluriel
subject le sujet
complement le complément
object le complement d'objet
direct object le complement d'objet direct (COD)
indirect object le complement d'objet indirect (COI)
article l'article (m)
definite article l'article défini
indefinite article l'article indéfini
partitive article, partitive l'article partitif
qualifier le déterminant
demonstrative adjective le determinant démonstratif
possessive adjective le determinant possessif
interrogative adjective le determinant interrogatif
indefinite adjective le determinant indéfini
adjective l'adjectif (m)
to make something agree with something accorder qc avec qc
Make the verb agree with the subject Accordez le verbe avec le sujet.
agreement l'accord (m)
Make the adjective agree with the noun Faites l'accord de l'adjectif avec le nom.
adverb l'adverbe (m)
adverbs of place/time les adverbs de lieu/temps
adverbs of manner les adverbs de manière
place la place
The meaning of an adjective can change depending on the place it occupies. Le sens d'un adjective peut changer selon la place qu'il occupe.
degrees (of comparison), comparative forms les degrés (de signification)
basic form le positif
comparative le comparatif
superlative le superlatif
numeral le numéral
number le nombre
even/odd number un nombre pair/ impair
cardinal number un nombre cardinal
ordinal number un nombre ordinal
fraction la fraction
pronoun le pronom
personal pronoun le pronom personnel
conjunctive/disjunctive conjoint/disjoint
personal pronoun le pronom personnel
adverbial pronoun le pronom adverbial
reflexive pronoun le pronom réfléchi
relative pronoun le pronom relatif
subject/object pronoun le pronom subjet/objet
demonstrative pronoun le pronom demonstratif
possessive pronoun le pronom possessif
indefinite pronoun le pronom indéfini
interrogative pronoun le pronom interrogatif
verb le verbe
(in)transitive verb un verbe (in)transitif
reflexive verb un verbe pronominal
form la forme
simple/composite form la forme simple/composée
to conjugate conjuguer
Conjugate the verb aller in the simple future. Conjuguez le verbe aller au futur simple.
conjugation la conujugaison
(ir)regular conjugation la conjugaison (ir)régulière
root le radical
ending la terminaison
negation la négation
mood le mode
infinitive l'infinitif (m)
indicative l'indicatif (m)
subjunctive le subjonctif
imperative l'impératif (m)
tense le temps
present le présent
Put the verb into the present (tense) Mettez le verbe au présent.
past le passé
imperfect l'imparfait (m)
passé simple le passé simple
past perfect/passé compose le passé composé
pluperfect le plus-que-parfait
past anterior le passé antérieur
simple future le futur simple
composite future le futur composé
future perfect le futur antérieur
conditional present le conditionnel présent
past conditional le conditionnel passé
present participle le participe présent
past participle le participe passé
active voice la voix active/l'actif (m)
passive voice la voix passive/le passif
sentence la phrase
declarative sentence/clause la phrase/proposition déclarative
interrogative sentence/clause la phrase/proposition interrogative
exclamatory sentence/clause la phrase/ proposition exclamative
imperative sentence/clause la phrase/ proposition impérative
main sentence/ clause la phrase/ proposition principale
subordinate sentence/clause la phrase/ proposition subordonnée
(in)direct discourse le style (in)direct, le discours (in)direct
sequence of tenses la concordance des temps
to respect the sequence of tenses respecter la concordance des temps
emphasis la mise en relief
question l'interrogation (f)
intonation question l'interrogation par intonation
inversion question l'interrogation par inversion
interrogative word le mot interrogatif
preposition la préposition
conjunction la conjonction
Created by: indef



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