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USIDMS Thyroid

Is the thyroid an endocrine or exocrine gland? Endocrine
What is it called when the entire thyroid gland is enlarged with single or multiple nodules? goiter
Diffuse enlargement, not from tumor or inflammation, but gland malfunction is called? simple non-toxic goiter
What is another name for a toxic multinodular goiter? adenomatous hyperplasia
How does a toxic multinodulr goiter appear sonographically? Enlarged, heterogeneous, focal areas of scarring, single or multiple lesions
What are the three signs of Grave's Disease? toxic goiter, proptosis, skin changes (thickening)
Name the two types of thyroiditis. DeQervain’s and Hashimoto’s
What is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis? chronic inflammation, hypothyroidism
What is DeQervain's thyroiditis? acute viral infection, temporary hyperthyroidism
What is the benign thyroid lesion completely encapsulated by fibrous tissue? Thyroid Adenoma
What is the most common malignancy commonly found in females and children? Papillary Cancer
What is the sonographic appearance of Papillary Cancer? hypoechoic, microcalcifications, increase vascular flow
This cancer spreads via blood and faster than papillary. Follicular Cancer
What is a large, rapid growing neck mass that is hypoechoic, non-vascular with necrotic areas called? Lymphoma
Name the 4 different anatomic parts to the thyroid gland. right lobe, left lobe, isthmus, pyramidal lobe
Name the 3 different functions of the thyroid? maintains metabolism, growth, and development
What thyroid hormone is measured to confirm hyperthyroidism? FT3 or T3
What thyroid hormone is measured to confirm hypothyroidism? FT4 or T4
If the TSH is high what is suspected, hyperthyroid or hypothyroid? hypothyroid
If the TSH is low what is suspected, hyperthyroid or hypothyroid? hyperthyroid
Created by: kdhelsley