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USIDMS- Abdominal Vessels/Musculoskeletal

What is a synovial sheath? a sac surrounding a joint tendon
What is another name for the synovial sheath? Bursa
What connects muscle to bone? Tendons
What connects bone to bone? Ligaments
How does the synovial sheath appear on US? Appears as a hypoechoic halo surrounding the tendon
What aids in reduction of friction at a joint? Bursa
Normal thickness of a ligament? 2-3mm
How does a ligament appear on US? Hypoechoic band with a homogenous appearance
What is the largest tendon in the body? Achilles Tendon
What four muscles make up the rotator cuff? Teres minor, infraspinatus, supraspinatus, subscapularis
What is an inflammation of the lining of the sheath that surrounds a tendon? Tenosynovitis
The clapper in the bell sign is associated with what pathology? Muscle tear
What is the first branch off the abdominal aorta? Celiac trunk
Which renal artery is longer? Right
What is the innermost layer of a blood vessel? Tunica intima
What are the three branches of the celiac axis? Left gastric artery, splenic artery, common hepatic artery
Normal size of the IVC? 2-3cm
What forms the portal vein? Merging of the splenic vein and the SMV
The portal vein should have what type of flow? Hepatopetal
What size constitutes an AAA? anything greater than 3cm
What is plaque build up in the wall of the artery? Atherosclerosis
Three sonographic appearances of portal vein thrombosis? Enlarged, echogenic material representing clot, no color flow in the vessel
Created by: bkbraswell