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DMS333-KH4

USIDMS GB/Biliary Tree

QuestionAnswer
Where is the gallbladder located? On visceral surface of liver between left and right lobes
What artery supplies the gallbladder? cystic artery
Name the 3 anatomic areas of the gallbladder. neck, body, fundus
What are the folds called within the cystic duct? spiral valves of Heister
The CBD is formed by what? union of CHD and cystic
Is the CBD anterior or posterior to the IVC? anterior
What is another name for the pancreatic duct? Duct of Wirsung
Name 3 functions of the GB. • Storage of bile • Concentration of bile • Delivery of bile to duodenum
Name 2 functions of the biliary system. • Transport bile from liver to GB • Transport bile from GB to duodenum
What is the normal variant of the GB called when it folds at the fundus? Phrygian cap
What is it called when stones are formed by crystallized bile salts and cholesterol? Cholelithiasis
What does it mean to have a "packed bag"? The GB is full of stones
What is the normal measurement for the GB wall thickness? 3 mm or less
Distension of the GB is called what? Courvoisier’s Sign or hydrops
GB wall calcification is called what? porcelain GB
What is a Choledochal Cyst? Cystic dilation of biliary tree
What is the most common obstructive biliary disease in infants & children? Biliary Atresia
What is most common cause of obstructive jaundice? Choledocholithiasis
Increased pressure in biliary system that causes pus to form is called what? Cholangitis
Thickened material within GB lumen that is associated with acute cholecystitis is called? Empyema of the Gallbladder
Created by: kdhelsley