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DMS333 - KP6

USIDMS Scrotum/Prostate

What is the sac that extends from the abdomen? Scrotum
What does the scrotum contain? Testicles, epididymis, vas deferens, and spermatic cord
What are the testicular layers? Tunica albuginea (enclosing each testis) and tunica vaginalis (visceral and parietal layers)
Where is the sperm produced? Seminiferous Tubules
List the route of sperm Seminiferous tubules, rete testis, efferent ducts, tail of epididymis, vas deferens
What is microlithiasis? Multiple, small calcifications within seminiferous tubules
What is it called when a portion of the bowel extends into scrotum? Inguinal Hernia
Inflammation and infection of the epididymis is called? Epididymitis
What is the most common cause of scrotal swelling? Hydrocele
What is the most common testicular malignancy? Seminoma
Where is the prostate found in relation to the rectum? Posterior
Prostate growth/function is regulated by what? Testosterone
What is the name of the enzyme that breaks down coagulated sperm? Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
Name the prostate zones. Peripheral zone, central zone, transitional zone, and fibromuscular stroma
What does BPH stand for? Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Inflammation of the prostate gland is called? Prostatitis
What are the clinical symptoms of prostatitis? Dysuria, fever, low back pain
What zone is prostate carcinoma usually found? Peripheral zone
How does prostatitis appear sonographically? Hypoechoic halo periurethral/transitional area, enlarged, and hypervascular
How does prostate carcinoma appear sonographically? Hypoechoic lesion in peripheral zone, larger lesion the greater chance of malignancy
Created by: kmamick