Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Theory DH Test 2

Instrument Sharpening, Diabetes, HIV/AIDS

QuestionAnswer
which type of instrument will reflect light? dull instrument
why do we sharpen? reduce fatigue improve instrument control improves tactile sensitivity improves deposit removal decreased burnished calculus less root gauging saves time minimizes pt discomfort
when do you sharpen? ability to feel sharp edge grabbing onto a surface is lost after each use
when do you replace an instrument? original shape significantly altered strength and integrity has been compromised
what are the types of stones used for sharpening? Arkansas, Ceramic, India, Mandrel mounted stone
what lubrication do you use for Arkansas stone? oil
what lubrication do you use for India stone? oil
what lubrication do you use for ceramic stone? water or dry
what materials do you need for sharpening safety glasses, gloves, 2X2 gauze, magnifying glass, plastic test stick, light source, stable work surface
what is the terminal shank? area of the instrument between the blade and the first angle proper alignment of the terminal shank will automatically place the blade in the correct position
what is the working end? consists of a blade that has one or two cutting edges that run from the terminal shank to the tip or toe
what is the functional shank? extends from the handle to the blade and includes the terminal shank
how does instrument labeling work? each working end is identified by the number closest to it
how do you grasp your instrument for sharpening? nondominant hand with a secure palm grasp brace your thumb against the upper shank to counter balance the pressure caused by grinding blade to be sharpened at the bottom with tip towards you
how do you grasp your stone for sharpening? grasp the lower half of the stone in your dominant hand hold stone upright at 12:00 by placing your thumb on the edge towards you and fingers on the edge away from you
what is the anatomy of the sickle scaler? two cutting edges triangular cross section with tip facial surface of the blade is positioned at 90 degrees to terminal shank
what is the instrument position for sickle scalers for right handers? terminal shank at 12 o'clock
what is the stone position for sickle scalers for right handers? lubricated side of the stone against right lateral surface of blade initially direct top of stone upwards towards 12 o'clock tilt the too if the stone away from the instrument to 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
how do you move the stone when sharpening? heel third--> middle third--> toe/tip third fluid up and down motions
how do you sharpen the opposite blade for the sickle scalers for right handers? rotate the instrument so that the tip is pointed away from you terminal shank at 12 o'clock top of stone away from handle to 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
what is the instrument position for sickle scalers for left handers? terminal shank of the blade being sharpened at 12 o'clock tip pointed towards you
what is the stone position for sickle scalers for left handers? lubricated side of the stone against the left lateral surface of blade initially direct top of the stone towards 12 o'clock tilt the stone away from instrument to 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
how do you sharpen the other end of a sickle scaler for left handers? rotate the instrument so that the tip is pointed away from you position terminal shank of blade at 12 o'clock tilt the stone away from the handle to 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
what is the test stick position? grasp the bottom third of the test stick in your non dominant hand between your thumb and index finger hold test stick upright at 12 o'clock
how do right handers test the sickle scaler sharpness? hold instrument in dominant hand with modified pen grasp position handle behind the test stick with tip pointed towards you place cutting edge on left side of test stick and fulcrum on right side tilt terminal shank to 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
how do left handers test the sickle scaler sharpness? dominant hand, modified pen grasp position instrument handle behind test stick with blade pointed towards you cutting edge to right side of the test stuck and fulcrum on the left side tilt terminal shank slight towards 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
what is the anatomy of the universal curette? two parallel cutting edges rounded toe facial surface of the blade is positioned to form 90 degree angle with the terminal shank
how do right handers place their instrument for sharpening the universal curette? hold instrument vertically in non dominant hand blade to be sharpened will be at bottom with toe pointed towards you position terminal shank at 12 o'clock
what is the stone position for the universal curette for right handers? lubricated side of the stone against the right lateral surface of the blade initially direct the top of the stone upwards towards 12 o'clock tilt the stone away from the instrument to 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
how do right handers sharpen the opposite cutting edge of the universal curette? rotate the instrument so that the tow is pointed away from you terminal shank at 12 o'clock stone position at 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
how does a right hander round the toe for the universal curette? rotate the instrument so that the toe of the blade is directed towards 3 o'clock position stone horizontally under the blade and tilt towards 2 o'clock
how does a left hander hold their instrument for sharpening a universal curette? vertically in non dominant hand blade to be sharpened at the bottom with tow pointed towards you position the terminal shank at 12 o'clock
where does a left hander place the stone for universal curette sharpening? lubricated side of the stone against the left lateral surface of the blade initially direct the top of the stone upward towards 12 o'clock tilt the top of the stone away from the instrument to 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
how does a left hander sharpen the opposite side the blade for a universal curette? rotate the instrument so toe is pointed away from you terminal shank at 12 o'clock stone at 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
how does a left hander round the tow of the universal curette? rotate the instrument so that the toe of the blade is pointing at 9 o'clock position the stone horizontally under the blade directed at 9 o'clock and title upwards towards the 10 o'clock position
how does a right hander test the sharpness of the blade of the universal curette place instrument handle behind test stick with toe of blade pointed towards you cutting edge against left side of the test stick and fulcrum on the right side tilt the terminal shank towards 3 minutes PAST 12 o'clock
how does a left hander test the sharpness of the universal curette blade? place instrument handle behind test stick, toe pointed towards you cutting edge against the right side and fulcrum on the left side tilt terminal shank to 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
what is the anatomy of the Gracey curette? facial surface of blade is titled downward at a 70 degree angle to terminal shank only one functional edge to sharpen
Right handers for Gracey curette ODD/EVEN ODD point toe of blade TOWARD you EVEN point toe of blade AWAY from you
Left handers for Gracey curette ODD/EVEN ODD point toe of blade AWAY from you EVEN point toe of blade TOWARDS you
how does a right hander hold the instrument for sharpening a gracey curette? terminal shank of instrument tilted towards 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
what is the stone position for the right hander in sharpening a Gracey curette? position against the right lateral surface of the blade at 12 o'clock tilt the top of the stone slight towards 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
how does a right hander round the toe for a Gracey curette? terminal shank at 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock Rotate instrument so tie of the blade is directed at 3 o'clock face of blade parallel to working surface stone tilted upward towards 2 o'clock
how does a left hander position their instrument for sharping a Gracey curette? terminal shank 3 minutes AFTER 12 o'clock
how does a left hander hold the stone for sharping a Gracey curette? stone against the left lateral surface at 12 o'clock tilt the top of the stone slightly to 3 minutes BEFORE 12 o'clock
how does a left hander round the toe on a Gracey curette? terminal shank at 3 minutes past 12 o'clock rotate instrument so toe of blade is at 9 o'clock face of the instrument should be parallel to the table surface tilt the stone upwards to the 10 o'clock position
how does a right hander test the sharpness of a ODD Gracey Curette blade? toe will be pointed towards you instrument handle behind the test stick, cutting edge to left side of stick and fulcrum on the right side 12 position for terminal shank, do not place ring finger onto of test stick: fulcrum opposite of cutting edge
how does a right hander test the sharpness of an EVEN Gracey Curette blade? toe directed away from you instrument handle in front of the test stick 12 position for terminal shank, do not place ring finger on top of test stick: fulcrum opposite of cutting edge
how does a left hander test the sharpness of an EVEN Gracey Curette? toe is directed towards you handle behind the test stick, cutting edge against right side, fulcrum on left side terminal shank 12 o'clock, do not place ring finger on top of test stick fulcrum against opposite side of cutting edge
how does a left hander test the sharpness of an ODD Gracey Curette? toe is directed away from you instrument handle in front of the test stick terminal shank and test stick at 12 o'clock do not place ring finger on top, opposite cutting edge
what is diabetes? group of metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (abnormally high blood glucose) resulting from defective insulin secretion or defective insulin action or combination of both
what is insulin anabolic hormone used to build up the body stimulates the entry of glucose into the cell and enhances fat storage w/o glucose remains in bloodstream rather than being stored by cells
what is type I diabetes? impaired insulin production, childhood or adolescence results from the destruction of beta cells of the pancreas AKA ABSOLUTE insulin deficiency
what is type II diabetes inability to use the insulin produced by the body predominantly genetically inherited AKA Peripheral insulin resistance
what are the symptoms of type I diabetes? sudden appearance of constant urination, excessive thirst, extreme hunger, dramatic weight loss, irritability, weakness and fatigue, nausea, vomiting
what are the symptoms of type II diabetes? slow onset of recurring or hard to heal skin, gums or bladder infection, fatigue, blurred vision, cataracts, tingling or numbness in hands or feet, itching, drying of mucus membranes
how do you manage type I diabetes? have to have insulin (shot, pills, pump), food control for counting carbs, checking blood sugar levels, cholesterol control, high blood pressure control
how do you manage type II diabetes? diet control, oral medications, physical activity, weight management, checking blood sugar, cholesterol control, might have to add insulin later
chronic symptoms associated with diabetes? vascular: macro/microangiopathy eyes: cataracts, glaucoma, blurred vision kidney, reproductive system, skin, mouth (perio and caries), peripheral nerves
what are some oral manifestation of diabetes? parotid swelling, viscous saliva, xerostomia, caries, fungal infections, cheilosis, glossodynia, fruit breath, abnormal wound healing
clinical serves of the diabetic patient? brief appointments, morning appointments, maximize stress reduction, consult physician
what are some signs of hypoglycemia? decreased conversation, confusion, change in mood, nausea, sweating, goodsebumps, tachycardia, anxiety
if the patient is conscious how do you treat a patient with diabetes who has a hypoglycemic event? treat with 15 grams if simple carbohydrate repeat finger stuck glucose test in 15 minutes document event
how do you treat a uncooperative patient with diabetes who has a hypoglycemic event? 24 grams instant glucose, call for help at 2299,
how do you put the glucometer together? lay out on paper towel push clear plastic end into the pen until click, push the needle end cap into the pen so it covers, twist and pull blue lancet cover until removed, insert strip into glucometer (metal end first)
how do you use the glucometer on your patient? ask patient which finger they prefer, wipe off tip with alcohol patient palm up, hold finger that will be stuck with non-dominant hand place pen in dominant hand and put needle cap firmly onto pad of finger with thumb, click end of pen
how do you take a reading on the glucometer set the pen down and pick up glucometer, do NOT milk the finger gently touch top of glucometer strip to drop of blood give patient gauze to hold on their finger
how do you disinfect the glucometer? remove strip from glucometer and dispose in red biohazard bag twist and pull needle end cap from pen and dispose in sharps clean glucometer and pen with alcohol gauze put glucometer and pen into a sterilization bag but do not seal
what is a normal blood pressure? less than 120 systolic less than 8- diastolic
what is prehypertension blood pressure? 120-139 systolic 80-89 diastolic
what is stage 1 hypertension blood pressure? 140-159 systolic 90-99 diastolic
what is stage 2 hypertension blood pressure? greater than 160 systolic greater than 100 diastolic
what is emergent blood pressure greater than 180 systolic greater than 110 diastolic
if the patient is unable to take oral medications for pre med, what can they take? ampicillin, cefazolin, ceftrizaone
if the patin is allergic to penicillins or ampicillin orally, what pre-med can they take? cephalexin, clindamycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin
Created by: Chobchi