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DMS333-BL3

USIDMS Kidney

QuestionAnswer
what is pheochromocytoma? tumor of adrenal medulla
what does the zona reticularis produce? androgens, sex hormones
what is the most common primary adrenal tumor? adrenal adenoma
what does the adrenal medulla produce? epinephrine (adrenaline) and norephinephrine (noradrenaline)
what is addison's disease? atrophy and hypofunction of the adrenal cortex
what are the adrenal glands covered by? surrounded by? covered by: gerota's fascia surrounded by: perirenal fat
what is the trigone area? ureteral openings and urethral exit on inferior portion of bladder
where are interlobar arteries located? medullary pyramids
what is lab test is BOTH a urinalysis and blood test? creatinine clearance
what does specific gravity do? measures kidneys ability to concentrate urine
what is pyuria? pus in the urine
what are the 3 processes of urine formation? 1. glomerular filtration 2. tubular reabsorption 3. tubular secretion
where are arcuate arteries located ? overtop of medullary pyramids
what does the nephron contain? glomerulus and bowman's capsule
what does urine PH indicate? formation of kidney stone, depends in part on PH of urine
what does the nephron do? filters blood and produces urine
how may a bladder wall with cystitis appear? fibrosis or scarring
what can pyonephrosis lead to? septic shock
what is the most common renal mass? simple renal cyst
what is bladder diverticulum? outpouching of bladder wall
what is the most common benign renal tumor? angiomyolipoma/renal hamartoma
what is the most common medical renal disease to produce acute renal failure? acute tubular necrosis
what is the most common inherited cystic disease? autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
Created by: bnlane