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USIDMS Scrotum/Prostate

True or false. PSA is an enzyme that breaks down coagulated sperm. true
What are the 3 layers of the testicles? tunica albinguenia, visceral tunica vaginalis, parietal tunica vaginalis
True or false. The patient has to have a full bladder for a prostate ultrasound. false; it should be empty
True or false. BPH increases central zone size and echogenicity. false; transitional zone
Where is the sperm produced? in the seminiferous tubules
The epididymis is located on the posterior and _______ aspect of the teste. lateral
What is the tube called that connects the epididymis to the seminal vesicle? vas deferens
What hormone regulates prostate growth and function? testosterone
What is the name of the muscle that controls how close the testes are to the body? cremasteric muscle
The _________ plexus is a collection of veins in the spermatic cord. pampiniform
What is the most common GU abnormality of male children? undescended testes
The ___________ zone is the most frequent site of prostate carcinoma. peripheral
What is the most common cause of scrotal swelling? hydrocele
___________ is an enlargement of veins in the pampiniform plexus. varicocele
Which teste is varicocele most common to occur on? left
True or false. The bladder is inferior to the prostate gland. false; superior
What is the most common primary cancer of the testicle? seminoma
What position is the patient in for a prostate ultrasound? left lateral decubitus with knees drawn up
What type of prostate pathology consists of an enlargement of the prostate in transitional zones? benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
What is inflammation of the prostate gland referred to as? prostatitis
True or false. The prostate gland is composed of both glandular and fibromuscular tissue. true
Created by: ambuente