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USIDMS Thyroid

What 3 muscles are known as the "strap muscles"? thyrohyoid, omohyoid, and sternohyoid
True or false. The hyoid bone is inferior to the thyroid. false; superior
What 3 hormones do the thyroid produce? T3, T4, and calcitonin
True or false. The thyroid is a part of the endocrine system. true
Hyperthyroidism involves TSH levels that are too low or high? low
What are the 3 signs for Grave's Disease? toxic goiter, proptosis, skin changes (thickening)
Any enlargement of the thyroid gland is known as a _______. goiter
A patient who is having an US on his thyroid complains of a fever and has redness and swelling of the neck. Which type of thyroiditis is this patient most likely to have? It is a temporary viral infection. DeQervain's thyroiditis
What is the most common malignancy of the thyroid? papillary cancer
True or false. The parathyroid is located on the posterior lateral surface of the thyroid. false; posterior medial
What muscle lies posterior and lateral to each thyroid lobe? longus colli muscle
What is the name for a lobe that arises from the isthmus and tapers superiorly just anterior to the thyroid? pyramidal lobe
When the thyroid is producing the correct amount of thyroid hormone, it is considered to be _________. euthyroid
PTH will increase with low _______ levels in the blood. calcium
Congenital anomalies that appear in the midline of the neck anterior to the trachea are called ________ ________ _______. thyroglossal duct cysts
True or false. Parathyroid adenoma are common causes of hyperparathyroidism. true
What is another name for a toxic multinodular goiter? adenomatous hyperplasia
What hormone decreases the concentration of calcium in the blood by first acting on bone to inhibit its breakdown? calcitonin
True or false. TSH is produced by the thyroid gland. false; anterior pituitary gland
With hypothyroidism, are T3 and T4 levels too high or too low? too low
Created by: ambuente