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DMS333- KP5

USIDMS - Thyroid

QuestionAnswer
What are the 3 strap muscles? Thyrohyoid, Omohyoid, and Sternohyoid
Name the lobes of the thyroid. Right, Left, and Pyramidal
What gland is located in the thyroid? Parathyroid
The thyroid is an _________ gland. Endocrine
Name the three hormones produced by the thyroid. T3, T4, and Calcitonin
With hyperthyroidism TSH levels will be ____. Low
With hypothyroidism TSH levels will be ____. High
Any enlargement of the thyroid is called what? Goiter
A difuse enlargement due to gland malfunction is considered what? Simple Non-Toxic Goiter
Adenomatous hyperplasia is another name for what pathology? Toxic Multinodular Goiter
What are the three signs for Grave's Disease? Toxic goiter, proptosis, and skin thickening
What are the two types of thyroiditis? DeQervain's and Hashimoto's
_________ thyroiditis is an acute viral infection and _________ thyroiditis is chronic inflammation. DeQervain's and Hashimoto's
What thyroid pathology is benign, hyperechoic, and is completely encapsulated by fibrous tissue? Thyroid Adenoma
What is the most common thyroid malignancy? Papillary Carcinoma
What malignancy travels via the blood and spreads faster than papillary carcinoma? Follicular Cancer
Where are the parathyroid glands located? Posterior Medial surface of thyroid
Hyperparathyroidism is most common in ________ women. Post Menopausal
What pathology is benign and is the most common cause of hyperparathyroidism? Parathyroid Adenoma
What are the two congenital cysts that arise on the neck? Thyroglossal Duct Cyst & Brachial Cleft Cyst
Created by: kmamick