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DMS333- BB5

USIDMS Thyroid

QuestionAnswer
What is a pyramidial lobe? Anatomical variant of the thyroid that appears as a small lobe arising from the isthmus
What is the most common thyroid abnormality? Goiter
Which benign foci of thyroid is characterized by a complete fibrous capsulation? Adenoma
What is Hashimoto's syndrome? Chronic hypothyroidism
What is an acute viral infection of the thyroid? DeQervain's syndrome
What 3 conditions constitute Grave's disease? Toxic Goiter Proptosis Skin Thickening
At what measurement is the thyroid considered enlarged? Greater than 20mm
Lymphoma spread to the thyroid is primarily what type? Non-Hodgkin
What is the most common thyroid malignancy? Papillary carcinoma
In whom is papillary carcinoma most common? Females and children
Which malignancy of the thyroid is characterized by microcalcifications, increased vascular flow, and a hypoechoic appearance? Papillary projections
Another name for a toxic multinodular goiter? Adenomatosus hyperplasia
What is considered the normal rancge for TSH? 0.9-5
What are the three strap muscles? Sternohyoid, omohyoid, thyrohyoid muscles
What is calcitonin responsible for? Monitors levels of calcium in the body
Where is TSH produced? Anterior pituitary gland
What is a cystic, congenital defect on the anterior portion of the neck? Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
What is a cystic, congenital defect on the lateral aspect of the neck? Brachial Cleft Cyst
Size of normal parathyroid gland? less than 4mm
In whom is hyperparathyroidism most common? Post menopausal women
Created by: bkbraswell