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English 10

Literary terms

TermDefinition
metaphor a comparison of two unlike things without the usage of the words like or as
simile a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as
alliteration repeated use of the same sound at the beginning of each word
hyperbole an extreme exaggeration for the purpose of description
flashback a scene that takes the reader back in time from the current period
allusion a figure of speech that makes reference to a person, event, work of art, etc.
cliche an over-used expression, idea or element of artistic work that is used so much that it loses its original intention or effect
jargon language/vocabulary specific to a particular group/trade/profession
onomatopoeia a word that imitates the sound associated with the object or action
omniscient the narrator knows all
first person narrator participates in the action, uses 'I'
second person the narrator tells the story to another character using 'you'
objective the narrator assumes the position of an observer, completely detached from the narrative
third person when the narrator is removed from the story (he, she, they, him, her)
third person limited omniscient when the narrator focuses on the feelings of only one person
third person omniscient when the narrator knows all
oxymoron contradictory terms used in conjunction (jumbo shrimp)
personification to give inanimate object or animals human-like qualities
symbolism the use of an object that stands for an idea
foreshadowing the use of hints or clues to suggest that something will happen
bias a partial perspective at the expense (possibly equally valid) of alternatives in argument... a one sided point of view/perspective
conversational style this style may read like you speak. it is a style that may break the rules of grammar. it allows the writer to connect with the reader more easily; it's more friendly.
understatement a statement that contains less strength than expected
irony a contrast between reality and experience
satire/satirical style when vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, with the intent of shaming society or individuals as a way to encourage change or improvement
juxtaposition placing two things next to each other in order to invite comparison - character foils are a form of this
paradox a statement or a phrase that seems to contradict itself but reveals a kind of truth
persuasion/argumentative style an attempt to influence or change someone's beliefs, attitudes, intentions, or behaviors
technical style when the subject is specialized to things such as computer applications, medical procedures, regulations and it may tell you how to do something
repetition in poetry, it is the repetition of a sounds, syllable, word, phrase, line, stanza, or metrical pattern
rhyme the repetition of similar sounds in two or more words, most often at the end of a line of a poem or song
Created by: Mid-Term