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DMS333 -KP3

USIDMS Kidney/Urinary Tract

QuestionAnswer
What is located at the anterior and superior border of each of the kidneys? Adrenal Glands
The Renal Medulla is? The inner portion of the kidney that contains the pyramids
What is the outer portion of the kidney that contains the functional unit of the kidney called? Renal cortex
Where are the nephron and Bowman's capsule located? Renal cortex
Which structures create the trigone area of the bladder? Urethra and 2 ureters
Why is the right kidney usually positioned lower than the left? The size of the liver causes the right to be more inferior
What borders both kidneys inferiorly? Bowel
What are the three functions of the urinary system? Excrete urine, remove wastes from blood, maintain homeostasis of salt and water
What can cause hydronephrosis? enlarged prostate, kidney stones, bladder tumors
What is caused by an excessive cortisol production by the cortex of the adrenal glands? Cushing's syndrome
Chronic renal failure is associated with what sonographic appearance? dense, small echogenic kindeys
A malignant tumor originating from the adrenal gland in children is most likely what? Neuroblastoma
Where are transplanted kidneys usually placed? In the pelvis along the iliopsoas margin
What results from a decreased function of the adrenal cortex? Addison's disease
A benign mass of the kidney that is composed of blood vessels is what? Angiomyolipoma
A solid childhood tumor of the kidney is most likely what? Nephroblastoma
What is transitional cell carcinoma? Malignant renal tumor found in the renal collecting system
Infantile autosomal recessive polycystic disease is? A bilateral disease of the kidneys usually found in utero, not compatible with life
What is the most common cause of post-transplant renal failure but is reversible if uncomplicated? Acute tubular necrosis
Bilaterally enlarged kidneys with multiple cysts in an adult is consistent with what? Adult polycystic kidney disease
Created by: kmamick