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DMS333-KH2

USIDMS Pancreas

QuestionAnswer
The pancreas is what type of gland? endocrine and exocrine
What cavity is the pancreas located? Retroperitoneal
Name the 4 anatomic areas Head, neck, body, & tail
What is the posterior/medial projection of pancreatic tissue? uncinate process
What is another name for the main pancreatic duct? Duct of Wirsung
This is an accessory duct that drains the upper portion of the pancreatic head. Duct of Santorini
The exocrine portion of the organ aids in digestion with what type of cells? Acini Cells
What are the 5 digestive enzymes of the pancrease? amylase, lipase, trypsin, nucleases, and sodium bicarbonate
The islets of Langerhans are made up of what 3 cells? alpha, beta, and delta cells
What type of cells use insulin to convert glucose to glycogen? beta cells
What cells convert glycoen to glucose? alpha cells
This pancreatic lab value increases with acute pancreatitis within the first 24 hrs. amylase
This pancreatic lab value increases with acute pancreatitis 72-96 hrs after onset. lipase
What pancreatic lab value will decrease with an Islet of Langerhans tumor? glucose
What is the rapid progression of acute pancreatitis where vessels rupture? hemorrhagic pancreatitis
Recurrent attacks of pancreatitis, may be focal or diffuse. chronic pancreatitis
Encapsulated collection of pancreatic juice, blood and debris. pancreatic pseudocyst
What is the rare, benign mass that is usually foiund in the pancreatic tail, and is more common in women over 60? pancreatic cystadenoma
This will appear sonographically as a cystic mass with thick walls and septations. pancreatic cystadenocarcinoma
This tumor causes CBD obstruction and fluid retention in pancreas and is typically found in the head of the pancreas. pancreatic adenocarcinoma
Created by: kdhelsley