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DMS333-AB4

USIDMS GB/Biliary Tree

QuestionAnswer
Which 2 biliary ducts combine to form the common bile duct? common hepatic duct and cystic duct
What is the most common cause of obstructive jaundice? choledocholithiasis
What is the anatomical variant of the GB in which the GB folds at the fundus? Phrygian cap
What is the anatomical variant of the GB in which the GB folds back onto itself at the neck? Hartmann's pouch
The common hepatic duct joins with which duct to form the common bile duct? cystic duct
A GB filled with non-shadowing low level internal echoes that move when the patient changes position is most likely _______. sludge
True or false. A focal dilation of the biliary tree caused by the reflux of pancreatic juices is known as a choledochal cyst. true
What is choledocholithiasis? stones in the CBD
What is the normal thickness of the GB wall? 1-3mm
Which duct contains the spiral valves of Heister? cystic duct
What is the most common obstructive biliary disease in infants and children; caused by incomplete formation of the bile ducts? biliary atresia
What are the two purposes of the spiral valves of Heister in the cystic duct? keeps bile from flowing backwards and keeps the duct from collapsing on itself
True or false. The CBD travels inferior and posterior to the lateral side of the pancreatic head. true
The CBD should measure no larger than ____ if under the age of 50. 5mm
What is the term for stones formed by crystallized bile salts and cholesterol in the GB? cholelithiasis
What are the 5 F's for cholelithiasis? fat, female, fair, forty & up, fertile (child bearing age)
A ______ tumor is located near the porta hepatis; forms where the right & left hepatic ducts converge to form the CHD. It is bile duct cancer tumor. Klatskin
When imaging the GB, you notice what appears to be known as a comet tail appearance from the GB wall. What type of cholecystosis is that probable of? adenomyomatosis
True or false. Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the GB with or without stones. true
What is the most distal portion of the GB, usually extending caudal past the right lobe of the liver? fundus
Created by: ambuente