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USIDMS Kidney/Urinary Tract

What is the most common anterior and superior border to each of the kidneys? adrenal gland
What is the inner portion of the kidney called; the outer portion? renal medulla; renal cortex
Which portion of the kidney contains the functional unit of the kidney? renal cortex
What structures form the trigone area of the bladder? urethra and 2 ureters
Which portion of the kidney contains the renal pyramids? renal medulla
What is the name of the anatomic variant of the kidney where the cortex indents at varying depths into the medullary portion of the kidney? hypertrophied column of Bertin
True or false. Some functions of the urinary system include: excretes urine, removes waste from blood, and maintains homeostasis of salt and water. true
An outpouching of the wall of the urinary bladder is called a bladder _________. diverticulum
True or false. Infantile autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease will always lead to death. true
What is the name of the most common cancerous, solid renal tumor in children? (2 names) Wilm's tumor, nephroblastoma
Which renal pathology is caused by excessive cortisol production by the adrenal gland? Cushing's syndrome
What is the name of the benign adrenal tumor found in the medulla that causes increased secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine? pheochromocytoma
True or false. The ureter runs inferior to the renal hilum to enter the anterior wall of the bladder. false; posterior wall of bladder
True or false. The 3 urine formation processes in order are filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion. true
What is the name for a cyst that does not connect with the collecting system, located in the renal sinus? parapelvic cyst
A dilation of the renal pelvis due to an inability of urine to drain properly is known as what? hydronephrosis
What is the most common malignant renal tumor; seen more in adults? renal cell carcinoma
While uncommon, what is the most common benign renal tumor? angiomyolipoma/renal hamartoma
True or false. An oncocytoma is a benign renal tumor that contains a "spoke wheel" pattern with a central star appearance. true
A symptom of a kidney transplant rejection includes increased or decreased levels of BUN/creatinine? increased
Created by: ambuente