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USIDMS Pancreas

What part of the pancreas is pancreatic adenocarcinoma normally found? Head
What 3 things make up the cellular composition of the Islets of Langerhan? Alpha, Beta, Delta cells
Would you expect the pancreas to be thicker in a child or an adult? Child
Which function of the pancreas affects digestion? Exocrine
Which portion of the pancreas lies posterior to the SMA/SMV? Uncinate process
What is the function of delta cells? Produce Somatostatin, which inhibits production of insulin and glucagon
Which part of the pancreas produces digestive enzymes? Acini cells
An enlarged pancreas that appears hypoechoic to the liver could be suggestive of which pathology? Acute pancreatitis
Which enzyme is indicative of pancreatitis? Lipase
Which enzyme produced by the pancreas breaks down carbohydrates? Amylase
Which two vessels provide venous flow to the pancreas? Splenic vein and SMV
What are the two ducts of the pancreas? Duct of Santorini and Duct of Wirsung
What vessels provide arterial flow to the pancreas? Splenic artery, gastroduodenal artery, pancreatoduodenal artery
What is an encapsulated collection of pancreatic juice, blood, and debris that has escaped into surrounding pancreas tissue? Pancreatic pseudocyst
What is the function of alpha cells? Release glucagon into the bloodstream
In whom is pancreatic adenoccarcinoma most common? Males over 40
If the Duct of Wirsung can be seen sonographically, what pathology could be suspected? Chronic pancreatitis
Which 2 diseases of the pancreas cause lipase levels to increase? Pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer
What is the most common neoplasm of the pancreas? Adenocarcinoma
What is the top normal size of the Duct of Wirsung? 2mm
Created by: bkbraswell