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Biology PAP

9th grade Austin Biology

QuestionAnswer
Explain the key concepts and influences of Darwin’s theory of evolution. Include his voyage, book, natural selection
Describe different structural adaptations among the finches that Darwin found on the Galapagos Islands.
List & give a brief explanation of the scientists that influenced Darwin
Explain speciation and the factors that influence it.
Discuss radioactive dating and the importance of the fossil record
Compare and contrast natural selection with artificial selection
List the 5 factors of a Hardy-Weinburg population
gene pool
directional selection
disruptive selection
relative frequency
evolution
homologous structure
stabilizing selection
genetic drift
genetic equilibrium
taxon
vestigial structure
temporal isolation
geographic isolation
behavioral isolation
Name the 7 levels of classification from largest to smallest.
Explain binomial nomenclature. Include the rules and examples of scientific names.
Identify the 6 kingdoms, include characteristics and examples of organisms for each.
Why do we need a classification system?
What 2 current kingdoms made up Kingdom Monera? How do they differ?
List the 3 domains and explain each.
What does a cladistic analysis show about an organism? What are derived characters?
Chapters 19-21
Describe binary fission and conjugation.
Draw and label the lytic and lysogenic cycles.
Draw and label the different shapes and arrangements of bacteria.
List and define the parts that make up the structure of viruses.
Why can viruses only infect certain cells?
Draw the shape of the cell that this virus would infect.
What are bacteriophages?
What adaptation would having flagella provide for a bacteria cell?
How are bacteria harmful to humans? Helpful to humans?
How can bacterial diseases be treated? Viral diseases?
List 3 diseases that are caused by bacteria and 3 that are caused by a virus.
How do photoautotrophs obtain food? Chemoautotrophs?
List the 3 groups of protists and describe how each group obtains food.
What are some products that we get from algae? Why are algae considered to be one of the most important groups of organisms on the planet?
What is a red tide? What organism is responsible?
What disease does Entamoeba cause? Which group of protists does it belong to?
What organelle stores food in the amoeba? What organelle helps it to move?
What organelle in the Paramecium prevents the accumulation of excess water? Draw what the structure looks like.
What do Fungi feed on? Describe how they digest their food.
What is fungal sporulation?
How do fungi resemble plants?
prophage
bacteriophage
host cell
phytoplankton
toxin
prion
zooplankton
viroid
vaccine
mycelium
obligate aerobe
facultative anaerobe
rhizoid
Illustrate and describe the different types of symmetry and give examples of organisms that exhibit each type.
invertebrate
cephalization
endoskeleton
exoskeleton
ectotherm
endotherm
vertebrate
notochord
How is gas exchange important to plants?
Trace the evolution of plants.
List the similarities and differences between vascular plants and nonvascular plants.
How do seed-bearing plants differ from all other plants?
Describe annuals, biennials, and perennials.
List the characteristics of plants.
List the characteristics of bryophytes.
Compare and contrast gymnosperms and angiosperms. Also describe the 2 classes of angiosperms and give examples of all.
Draw and label the structure of a flower.
What is the difference between an autotroph and a heterotroph?
List some factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis.
Explain why plants are green.
Draw and label the structure of a leaf.
xylem
seed coat
cone
phloem
fruit
ovary
mesophyll
seed
stoma/stomata
guard cell
List some examples of abiotic and biotic factors.
Limiting factors , what are they and what are some examples??
Energy pyramids…….
How much energy is transferred b/t trophic levels?
Which trophic level is receiving the most energy between them, 1st to 2nd?, 2nd to 3rd?, 3rd to 4th?
Label a pyramid with following, carnivores, herbivores, producers
What happens to the amount of stored energy as you go up a food chain?
Food chains/food webs…… You will need to know how to read one. What do the arrows mean?
Explain the 2 types of succession?
Explain each of the different types of consumers (herbivore, carnivore, decomposer/detritivore, scavenger, etc)
Biogeochemical cycles – how is flow of matter different from flow of energy?
Symbiotic relationships – list types and describe each.
What is carrying capacity – type of growth when population is at or below carrying capacity; type of growth when population is above carrying capacity?
Biological magnification – which organisms in a food chain have the highest levels of a toxin?
Describe the two types of population growth, characteristics of each, shape of graph that each makes.
What are Density –dependent and density-independent limiting factors? Give 2 examples of each?
Describe a saprobe. What types of organisms can they be?
Write down the 11 systems while you are reviewing them. Don’t forget to include their functions, and organs within each system on pages 892-893. List the 11 systems here and list a few of the organs associated with each system.
Explain the importance of homeostasis in the human body.
Draw and label a neuron. Explain how it works. What system(s) is the neuron in?
Describe the divisions of the PNS.
Discuss the axial skeleton –vs- the appendicular skeleton.
Name and give an example of the 4 freely moveable joints.
List and explain the 3 types of muscles.
Explain how a muscle moves and contracts.
In addition to myosin, what other protein is involved in a muscle contraction?
What are the 3 layers of the skin? What can be found in each layer?
List the path of blood flow through the heart (include the lungs).
Compare and contrast WBC and RBC.
What are the smallest blood vessels?
Which system collects fluid that is lost from the blood and returns it back to the circulatory system?
What does it mean if your lymph nodes become swollen?
List the path that air takes in the respiratory system.
Why are having anaerobic bacteria in your large intestine a necessity?
Which structure serves as a passageway for both air and food?
List all of the functions of the pancreas.
Which structure in the digestive system extracts the water from digested food?
What macromolecule provides the body with its main source of energy? List all of the functions of proteins.
Explain how enzymes work.
The process by which organ systems maintain relatively constant internal conditions is called
Explain the importance of dialysis.
Draw and label the excretory system. Include the order in which urine flows.
How does the endocrine system help to maintain homeostasis?
List the glands that make up the endocrine system.
List the specific defenses and nonspecific defenses of the body.
Explain an inflammatory response that happens in the body.
Humoral immunity is carried out by what type of cells?
What is asthma? What causes it?
Describe what an autoimmune disease is. List some examples.
How does HIV weaken the immune system?
What are the monomers of the 4 types of macromolecules?
Describe the maximum antibody level of a person’s body after a flu.
ligament
endocrine gland
exocrine gland
tendon
hemoglobin
passive immunity
keratin
active immunity
antibody
melanin
antigen
vein
artery
mechanical digestion
amylase
chemical digestion
peristalsis
nephron
What is the function of the pseudopodium of the amoeba?
Why is the Euglena considered plant like protist even though it has a Flagellum that it can use to move?
An endoskeleton is a
The main difference between ectotherms and endotherms is
Cephalization refers to the
Created by: cleanmama