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2nd 9wk assessment

2nd 9wk assessment review

QuestionAnswer
a meepyglobix is a meepyglobix
a meepyglobix is stil a meepyglobix
Sites of photosynthesis in plant cells Chloroplast
Proteins are modified, sorted, and exported from here Golgi apparatus
These are found only in animal cells; help with cell division Centrioles
These are where proteins are made (sites of protein synthesis) Ribosomes
This outer covering of the cell is tough & rigid; found only on plant cells Cell wall
Lipid bilayer; flexible boundary; controls what can enter or leave the cell Cell membrane
Some cells use this to be able to move Flagella
This organelle is used for storage Vacuole
This organelle digests food & worn-out organelles Lysosome
Internal membrane system in the cell; functions like the circulatory system in our body endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
HAS a nucleus & membrane-bound organelles Eukaryote
Does NOT HAVE a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles Prokaryote
Requires energy Active transport
Moves from high to low concentration Diffusion
Pumps large molecules across cell membrane through proteins Active transport
Larger molecules move from high to low concentration through protein channels (facilitated) Diffusion
Osmosis is a type of this Diffusion
Moves from low to high concentration Active transport
This is one of the principal chemical compounds that cells use to store & release energy. ATP
The purpose of photosynthesis is to _________________ energy from the sun in the form of glucose. Store
The purpose of cellular respiration is to _________________ energy (ATP) for our cells to use. Release
The light absorbing molecules inside leaves are called ______________________. Pigments
________________________ is the principal pigment found in green plants. Chlorophyll
All organisms need ___________________ to live. Energy
The processes of photosynthesis & cellular respiration can be thought of as a cycle because the products of one process are the ______________________ of the other process. Reactants
Bromothymol blue turns green/yellow in the presence of __________________________. Carbon Dioxide
Plants absorb water through their ____________________. Roots
Plants obtain carbon dioxide through pores in their leaves called ____________________. Stomata
Photosynthesis is important for almost all life on Earth because it produces ___________________. Oxygen
Cellular respiration is an _________________ process, which means that it requires oxygen. Aerobic
The ___________ ________________ describes the growth, development, and reproduction of a cell. Cell cycle
Two _______________ ________________ make up a chromosome. Sister chromatids.
Sister chromatds are attached at the middle by a __________________. Centromere
Most of a cell’s life is spent in __________________________, where the cell is growing and replicating its DNA. Interphase
Mitosis refers to division of what part of the cell? Nucleus
Cytokinesis refers to division of the ___________________. Cytoplasm
Type of cell that has nucleus and membrane bound organelles. Eukaryote
Type of cell that has no nucleus and no membrane bound organelles. Prokaryote
Type of cell that has a large central vacuole. Plant
Type of cell that has centrioles. Animal
This type of cell has a cell wall. Plant
This type of cell has small vacuoles. Animal
This type of cell has chloroplats. Plant.
Process by which molecules tend to move from an area of high to low concentration. Diffusion
Movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through protein chanels. Facilitated Diffusion
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane. Osmosis
Solution that has a higher solute concentration than the cell. Hypertonic
Solution that has a lower solute concentration than the cell. Hypotonic
The concentration of solutes is the same inside and outside of the cell. Isotonic
Created by: hsandidge