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Spongy layer The layer of cells that stores carbon dioxide and water for photosynthesis
Chlorophyll The green pigment found in chloroplasts
Stomata Small openings in the epidermis that allow gases to enter and leave
Glucose The type of food made by the process of photosynthesis
Chloroplasts Green organelles that convert sunlight energy into glucose
Cuticle The waxy coating on the epidermis; helps keep the leaf from drying out
Photosynthesis The process that uses carbon dioxide, water & sunlight energy to make food
Palisade layer The layer of cells just below the epidermis where photosynthesis takes place
Epidermis The transparent outer layer of leaf cells; allows sunlight to pass through
Pigment A substance that reflects a specific part of the visible spectrum and absorbs the rest
Guard cells Cells that regulate the opening of the stomata
Respiration The process where food is broken down by the mitochondria to release energy, carbon dioxide, and water vapor
Mitochondria The cell organelle where respiration takes place
Producers Green plants that are capable of making their own food
Reactants The raw materials needed for a chemical reaction; on the left side of the chemical equation
Light-dependent reaction The reaction of photosynthesis that requires direct light energy to work
Light-independent reaction The reaction of photosynthesis that does not require direct light
Glucose The sugar made by photosynthesis; C6H12O6
Products The new materials made during a chemical reaction; found on the right side of the chemical equation
Anaerobic reaction A chemical reaction that does not use oxygen
Aerobic reaction A chemical reaction that does use oxygen
Chemical equation for photosynthesis 6CO2 + 6H2O + sunlight yields C6H12O6 + 6O2
Chemical equation for respiration C6H12O6 + 6O2 yields 6CO2 + 6H20 + ATP
Created by: nbiegel