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sporting first aid

first aid for sporting injuries

the first D in DRSABCD DANGER - asses danger at the scene of the accident
R in DRSABCD RESPONSE - ask how the person is feeling. what is the level of pain from 1-10. where is the location of the pain?
S in DRSABCD SEND FOR HELP - if there is no response you must get someone to call an ambulance and tell them firstly the location and what has happened, while you carry on with the the ABCD part of DRSABCD.
A in DRSABCD AIRWAYS- check nasal passage and throat for signs of breathing. check for blockage especially in the throat.
B in DRSABCD BREATHING - check patient for breathing. If they are breathing put them into recovery position. If not breathing carry on to circulation!
C in DRSABCD CIRCULATION- check the patient has a pulse. If not start CPR!!!
ratio of chest pumps to breaths in CPR 30:2
first T in TOTAPS TALK - ask the player what happened, what hurts?
O in TOTAPS OBSERVE - the injured area look for redness and swelling.
the second T in TOTAPS TOUCH the injured area gently, scale level of pain and asses whether movement is possible
A in TOTAPS ACTIVE MOVEMENT can the player move the injured part?
P in TOTAPS PASSIVE MOVEMENT can you move the injured part? check the range of movement.
S in TOTAPS STAND UP - can the player resume play?
when is TOTAPS needed? as soon as the player injures themselves
when is DRSABCD needed? at the scene of a very serious accident e.g. if someones unconscious, major concussion ....
first R in RICER REST - put it up and rest
I in RICER ICE - about four times in 2 hours for 15 - 20 minutes CONSISTENCY!
C in RICER COMPRESSION - bandage or tubey grip - has to be tight
E in RICER ELEVATION - above heart to reduce blood flow - reduces swelling
last R in RICER REFERRAL - Doctors, physiotherapy ...
Created by: Ella.scopas
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