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Chapter 6 Vocab

vocabulary words in chapter 6 for Social Studies

TermDefinition
King George III (British Monarch) wanted to enforce the proclamation and also keep peace with Britain's Native American allies
Quartering Act A law passed by the parliament in 1675 that required the colonies to house and supply British soldiers
Revenue income a government collects to cover expenses
Sugar Act A law passed by Parliament in 1764, that placed a tax on sugar, molasses, and other products shipped to the colonies; also called for harsh punishment on smugglers
Stamp Act A 1765 law passed by the parliament that required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing a tax had been paid
Partic Henry (A member in the Virginia House of Burgesses) called for the resistance to the taxes. When another member shouted that resistance was treason, he replies " If this be treason, make the most of it."
boycott a refusal to buy certain goods
Sons of Liberty A group of colonists who formed a secret society to appose British policies at the time of the American Revolutionary War
Crispis Attucks A sailor of African American and Native American ancestry, was an early hero of America's struggle for freedom. One of the 5 to die at the Boston Massacre.
writs of assistance A search warrant that allowed British officers to enter colonial homes or businesses to search for smuggled goods
Samuel Adams The leader of the Boston Sons of Liberty. Urged colonists to continue to resist British controls
Boston Massacre A clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1770, in which five of the colonists, including Crispus Attucks, were killed
John Adams A Lawyer and cousin of Samuel Adams. Defended the Red Coats who fired the shots at the Boston Massacre
Committee of Correspondence A group of people in the colonies who exchanged letters on colonial affairs
Boston Tea Party The dumping of 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor by colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act
Militia a force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community during the American Revolution; an emergency military force that is not part of the regular army
Minuteman a member of colonial militia who was trained to respond "in a minutes warning"
Intolerable Acts A series of laws passed by Parliament(1774) to punish Massachusetts colonists They were originally called the Coercive Acts by the Parliament, but renamed by the colonists, for they were so harsh and made it difficult for the settlers to live.
First Continental Congress a meeting of delegates in 1774 from all the colonies except Georgia to uphold colonial rights
Paul Revere A Boston Silver Smith, and a second messenger. arranged signal systems to alert colonists in Charlestown, on the shore opposite Boston
Lexington and Concord Sites in Massachusetts of the first battles of the American Revolution
Loyalists American colonists who supported the British during the American Revolution
Patriots American colonists who sided with the Rebels in the American Revolution
Ethan Alley led a band of backwoodsmen known as the Green Mountain Boys.
artillery a canon or large gun
Second Continental Congress A governing body whose delegates agreed, in May 1775, to form the Continental Army and to approve the Declaration of Independence
Continental Army A colonial force authorized by the second Continental Congress in 1775, with George Washington as its commanding General
Benedict Arnold an officer who had played a role in the victory at Fort Ticonderoga.
Declaration of Independence The document written in 1776, in which the colonies declared Independence from Britain
Thomas Jefferson part of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence composed the Declaration, and chosen to do so for 2 reasons: a good writer, and a Virginian.
Townshend Acts A series of laws passed by the Parliament(insisted by Charles Townshend: king's finance minister) in 1776 suspended New York's assembly and put taxes on goods brought into the colonies
Created by: J0908155