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MrRaines Cells

A study of Cells, Structure, and Funcions

Cell Smallest functional unit of all organisms
Organism Anything with one or more cells that can carry out life processes independently
Unicellular Organism with one cell. Divide to reproduce.
Multicellular Organism with 2 or more cells.Divide to replace and grow.
Cell Membrane A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as a barrier.
prokaryote no nucleus, DNA is in the cytoplasm, sometimes has a flagella, usually smaller, and organelles not bound by membrane.
eukaryote Has a nucleus, has DNA in nucleus, has ribosomes, make up multicellular organisms.
Surface area to Volume ratio Surface area must be much greater than the volume.
Cytoplasm jelly-like substance that is enclosed by the cell membrane and contains all of the organelles.
Organelles The parts of a cell that have a specialized function.
1st Tenant of Cell Theory All organisms are made of one or more cells. (Theodore Schwann)
2nd Tenant of Cell Theory The cell is the basic unit of all organisms. (Theodore Schwann)
3rd Tenant of Cell Theory All cells come from existing cells. (Rudolph Virchow)
Microscope Tool used to observe cells.
Ribosomes Put together amino acids to create new proteins
Mitochondria Converts chemical energy into ATP
Endoplasmic Reticulum produces, transports, and processes proteins.
Golgi Complex Packages and distributes proteins and lipids.
Cell Wall Rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane in a plant cell.
Chloroplasts Organelles that contain chlorophyll and allow the plant to turn sunlight, water, and CO2 into sucrose/ food for the plant.
Vacuole Fluid filled vesicle that contains, enzymes, nutrients, water, or wastes
Lysomes Contain enzymes that break down "trash" in the cell.
histologist a person who studies cells
Created by: aureliusii