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VitalSigns

Vital Signs

TermDefinition
homeostasis a state of equilibrium within the body maintained through the adaptation of body systems to changes in either the internal or external environment.
what are vital signs? assessments of pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature, body functions essential to life
what is a pulse? a vital sign; a quantitative measurement of the heartbeat using the fingers to palpate an artery or a stethoscope to listen to heartbeat
what are veins? blood vessels that cary blood away from the body to the heart
what are arteries? blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to the body
what does a rapid weak pulse indicate? shock, bleeding, diabetic coma, or heat exhaustion
what does a rapid strong pulse indicate? heart stroke, severe fright, hypertension (high blood pressure)
what does a strong slow pulse indicates? skull fracture or a stroke
what does no pulse indicate? cardiac arrest or death
what is a normal pulse? 60 to 100 beats per minute (70 to 80 bpm on average)
What is tachycardia? tachy means fast- cardia means heart , fast heart beat, more than 100 bpm
What is bradycardia? Brady means slow- cardia means heart, slower heart beat, less than 60 bpm
What is a trained athletes pulse? 50 to 60 bpm
What are two descriptions used for the quality of a pulse. quality- refers to strength (weak or strong) thread- weak and rapid bounding- unusually strong and full
what are two descriptions used for the rhythm of a pulse rhythm-as regular or irregular
what is respiration? breathing; the process of bringing oxygen into the body (for cells to use) and expelling carbon dioxide from the body (waste product of cells)
Name 3 ways breathing can be altered. excitement, drugs, and exercise
How many respirations are normal for a 15yr old and older. 15 to 20 breathes per minute
How many respirations are normal for a well trained athlete? 6 to 8 breaths per minute (Olympics)
Created by: Imari Wright
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