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Macromolecules

TermDefinition
What is the monomer or building block of nucleic acids? nucleotides
What is the monomer (building block or subunit) of proteins? amino acids
What is the monomer (building block) of carbohydrates? monosaccharides (simple sugars)
What are the building blocks of lipids? fatty acids and glycerol
Identify examples of lipids examples are fats, oils, waxes and steriods
Identify examples of nucleic acids. DNA and RNA
Identify food examples of proteins. meats, beans and nuts
Identify examples of carbohydrates sugars and starches
What are the function of carbohydrates? A compound that gives us QUICK ENERGY - the building block is a monosaccharide.
What are the function of lipids? A compound that is known for LONG TERM energy storage. Also makes up cell membrane.
What are the function of proteins? The compound that makes up the majority of our bodies (Hormones. Enzymes, Antibodies, Transport protein - Insulin)
Enzymes A protein that speeds up chemical reactions.
Active Site The part on the enzyme where the substrate fits in.
Substrate The substance that is being broken down or put together by an enzyme.
Catalyst Any substance that speeds up a chemical reaction.
Denature When an enzyme gets too hot and it changes shape.
Created by: msdrake