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Dental Practice Exam

QuestionAnswer
What is another name for the upper arch? maxillary
What is another name for the lower arch? mandibular
What does edentulous mean? all teeth are missing from an arch
What type of teeth have the smallest roots? incisors
What type of teeth have the longest roots? cuspids
What type of teeth have two cusps? bicuspids
What type of teeth have four cusps? molars
What teeth are found in the permanent dentition but are not found in the primary dentition? bicuspids and third molars
what is another name for the bicuspid teeth? premolars
What is another name for the eye tooth or canine? cuspids
What surface faces away from the midline? distal
What surfaces faces toward the midline? messial
What surface faces towards the tongue? lingual
What surface is the cutting edge surface found on anterior teeth? incisal
What is the name of the facial surface found on the posterior teeth? buccal
What is the name of the facial surface found on anterior teeth? labial
What anterior teeth are used for shredding food? incisors
What anterior teeth are used for piercing, tearing or holding food? cuspids
What posterior teeth are used for grasping or tearing food? bicuspids
What poterior teeth are used to chew solid foods before swallowing? molars
What is another name for primary teeth? deciduous
What are supernumerary eeth? extra teeth above the normal denttion
What are the names of incisor teeth? central and lateral
What surface lie adjacent to each other in the same arch? proximal surfaces
What is the space between the proximal surface called? interproximal space
What is the interdental papilla? gum between the two teeth
What is enamel? anatomical crown's outer layer
What is dentin? inner layer, makes up the bulk of the tooth
What is cementum anatomical root's outer layer
What is dental pulp? the blood vessels and nerve tissue that occupies the pulp cavity of a tooth
What is pulp chamber? upper part of the tooth where pulp is found
What is the anatomical crown? the portion of tooth normally covered by, and including, enamel
What is the clinical crown? the portion of tooth not covered by supporting tissue
What is the root? the anatomic portion of the tooth that is covered by cementum and is located in the alveolus (socket) where it is attached by the periodontal apparatus
What is gingiva? the tissue that surround the crown
What is periodontal ligament? connected tissue that suspends tooht in the pocket
What is the apical foramen? opening at the end of the tooth
What are the tissues that surround the tooth and are collectively called the periodontium? gingiva, periodontal ligament, and alveolar process
What is the outer layer tissue of the anatomical root called? cementum
What is the inner layer tissue of the anatomical root called? dentin
What is the outer layer of the anatomical crown called? enamel
What is the inner layer of the anatomical crown called? dentin
What is the soft sticky white substance that accumulates on teeth and it is composed of saliva bacterial products? plaque
What is the hard deposit of mineralized plaque that attaches to the crown or rooth of the tooth called? calculus
What is the inflammation of the gingival tissues characterized by bright red or bluish red color change in the gingiva called? gingivitus
What is the inflammation of the supporting or surrounding periodontium structures called? periodontitis
What is the inflammaiton of the flap of gingival tissue that covers a partial erupted tooth? periocornitus
What is periodontal disease? inflammatory process of the gingival tissues and/or peridontal membrane of the teeth, resulting in an abnormally deep gingival sulcus, possibly producing periodontal pockets and loss of supporting alveolar bone
What is the inflammation of the pulp? pulpitis
What is periapical abscess? an acute or chronic inflammation and pus formation at the end of the root or apex
What is an abscess of the gingiva or peridontal tissue? peridontal abscess
What is localized inflammation of the tooth socket after a tooth has been extracted due to infection or loss of blood clot? dry sockets
What is ankylosis? the fusion of cementum or dentin to the alvelar bone
What is abrasion? the loss of tooth structure caused by friction
What is abrasion caused by? pipe smoking, improper tooth brushing
What is erosion? the loss of tooth strcgture by a chemical process that does not involve bacteria
What causes erosion? eating disorders
What is impaction? a tooth that has not erupted at a time that it should have normally erupted
What is attrition? the gradual wearing away of tooth structure
what is attrition caused by? grinding of the teeth
What type of dental materila is used in posterior teeth where aesthetics is not of major concern? And it can also withstand intense mastication forces amalgam
What dental material is used on anterior teeth where appearance and aesthetics is important? it may also be placed on posterior teeth when the restoration is small or may be visible composite resin - bond to dentin
What dental material is used to cement permanent inlays, onlays, crowns, bridges and posts? It is also used for small permanent anterior restorations, and a cavity liner between the tooth and restoration? glass ionomer - bonds to dentin
What dental material is sued to make custom restorations like gold inlays, onlays, crowns, and bridges. It is also custom made by dental laboratory gold alloys
What dental material is used for pontics in bridges? porcelain
What dental material is used to make denture teeth? porcelain and synthetic resin
What dental material is used to make labial veneers, all porcelain crowns, inlays and onlays poorcelain
What dental material is used to make the base (gingival) portion of a removable complete or partial denture? arylic synthetic resin
What dental material is used to reline removable complete dentures or partial dentures? acrylic synthetic resin
Which dental speciality deals with the diseases and injuries to the dental pulp and periapical tissues? endonotics
What does an oral surgeon do? it is the speciality in dentistry concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, defects, injuries, and adjuctive services of the oral maxillofacial region
What is a periodontist? a dental specialist that limits their practice to the treatment of diseases and other conditions of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth
Created by: LaurenBrookss