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MDA Ch. 7

Modern Dental Assisting, Bird, 10th Edition

TermDefinition
Apocrine sweat glands Large sweat glands that are found under the arms, around the nipples, and in the genital region.
Appendicular (ap-en-DIK-yoo-lur) skeleton Portion of the skeleton that consists of the upper extremities and shoulder girdle plus the lower extremities and pelvic girdle.
Arteries Large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Articulation (ahr-tik-yoo-LAY-shun) Another term for joint.
Axial (AK-see-ul) skeleton Portion of the skeleton that consists of the skull, spinal column, ribs, and sternum.
Bone marrow Gelatinous material that produces white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets.
Cancellous (KAN-sil-us) Lightweight bone found in the interior of bones; also known as a spongy bone.
Capillaries A system of microscopic vessels that connects the arterial and venous systems.
Cartilage Tough, connective, nonvascular elastic tissue.
Central nervous system (CNS) The brain and spinal cord.
Compact bone Outer layer of bones, where needed for strength; also known as cortical bone.
Gomphosis A type of fibrous joint such as a tooth into the alveolus.
Integumentary (in-teg-yoo-MEN-tuh-ree) system The skin system.
Involuntary muscles Muscles that function automatically without conscious control.
Joints Structural areas where two or more bones come together.
Muscle insertion Location where the muscle ends; the portion away from the body's midline.
Muscle origin Location where the muscle begins; the portion toward the body's midline.
Neurons Direct nerve impulses.
Osteoblasts (OS-tee-oe-blasts) Cells that form bone.
Pericardium (per-i-KAHR-dee-um) Double-walled sac that encloses the heart.
Periosteum (per-ee-OS-tee-um) Specialized connective tissue that covers all bones of the body.
Peripheral nervous system (PNS) Cranial nerves and spinal nerves.
Peristalsis (per-i-STAHL-sis) Rhythmic action that moves food through the digestive tract.
Plasma A straw-colored fluid that transports nutrients, hormones, and waste products.
Red blood cells Cells that contain the blood protein hemoglobin, which plays an essential role in oxygen transport; also known as erythrocytes.
Sebaceous glands Oil glands that keep the hair and skin soft and are associated with sex hormones.
Sharpey's fibers Tissues that anchor the periosteum to the bone.
Sudoriferous (soo-doe-RIF-ur-us) glands Sweat glands that are widely distributed over the body and provide heat regulation.
Veins Blood vessels that carry blood to the heart.
White blood cells Cells that have the primary function of fighting disease in the body; also known as leukocytes.
Created by: mortiz09