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MDA Ch. 5

Modern Dental Assisting, Bird, 10th Edition

TermDefinition
Abandonment Withdrawing a patient from treatment without giving reasonable notice or providing a competent replacement.
Administrative law Category of law that involves regulations established by government agencies.
Board of dentistry State agency that adopts rules and regulations and implements that specific state's Dental Practice Act.
Child abuse Any act that endangers or impairs a child's physical or emotional health or development.
Civil law Category of law that deals with relations of individuals, corporations, or other organizations.
Contract law Category of law that involves an agreement for services in exchange for payment (contract).
Criminal law Category of law that involves violations against the state or government.
Dental auxiliary (awg-ZIL-yuh-ree) Dental assistants, dental hygienists, and dental laboratory technicians.
Direct supervision Level of supervision in which the dentist is physically present when the dental auxiliary performs delegated functions.
Due care Just, proper, and sufficient care, or the absence of negligence.
Elder abuse Includes physical or sexual abuse, financial exploitation, emotional confinement, passive neglect, or willful deprivation of an elderly person.
Expanded functions Specific intraoral functions delegated to an auxiliary that require increased skill and training.
Expressed contract A contract that is established through verbal or written words.
Felony A major crime, such as fraud or drug abuse. Conviction can result imprisonment of one year or longer.
General supervision Level of supervision in which the dental auxiliary performs delegated functions according to the instructions of the dentist, who is not necessarily physically present.
HIPPA The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996; specifies federal regulations ensuring privacy regarding a patient's healthcare information.
Implied consent Type of consent in which the patient's action indicates consent for treatment.
Implied consent Contract that is established by actions, not words.
Informed consent Permission granted by the patient after he or she is informed about the details f a procedure.
Infraction Minor offense that usually results in only a fine.
Licensure License of practice in a specific state.
Malpractice Professional negligence.
Mandated reporters Designated professionals who are required by law to report known or suspected child abuse.
Misdemeanor Offense that may result in imprisonment of six months to one year.
Patient record Individual who has been examined and diagnosed by the dentist and has had treatment planned.
Reciprocity (re-si-PROS-i-tee) System that allows individuals in one state to obtain a license in another state without retesting.
Res gestae Latin for "things done." Statements make by a person present at the time of an alleged negligent act that are admissible as evidence in a court of law.
Res ipsa loquitur Latin for "Let the master answer." Legal doctrine that holds an employer liable for acts of the employee.
Spousal abuse Domestic violence intentionally inflicted by a family member or members.
Standard of care Level of knowledge, skill, and care comparable with that of other dentist who are treating similar patients under similar conditions.
State Dental Practice Act Document of law that specifies legal requirements for practicing dentistry in a particular state.
Statutory law Law enacted by legislation through U.S. Congress, state legislature, or local legislative bodies.
Tort law Involving an act that brings harm to a person or damage to property.
Written consent Consent that involves a written explanation of diagnostic findings, prescribed treatment, and reasonable expectations about treatment results.
Created by: mortiz09