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STNA VOCABULARY

STNA EXAM VOCABULARY

VOCABULARYDEFINITION
Abandonment to leave non completely and finally (without notice)
Abdominal Thrusts the method of attempting to remove an object from the airway of someone who is choking
abuse cruel or inhumane treatment
accidents an unfortunate event resulting from carelessness or ignorance
activities things that are done for enjoyment, often as part of education and often in groups.
adaptive devices special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADLs; also called assistive devices.
abduction (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
A.D.L activities of daily living
Admission the act of admitting someone to enter
Admitting A Resident The process of admitting a patient/resident to a nursing facility. Includes orienting patient to room, introducing yourself, explaining the daily schedule and routing.
Affected Side a weakened side from a stroke or injury, also called "weaker/involoved" side NEVER call "bad" side
aging process how the body changes as a person gets older
agitation a violent stirring or movement; noisy confusion, excitment; a stirring up of public enthusiasm
alternating pressure mattress to prevent pressure sores
Alzheimers a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s
Ambulation walking or moving from one place to another
amputes A patient with a limb that has been removed
anger an emotional state consisting of a subjective feeling of animosity or strong displeasure
antiembolic stocking tight-fitting elastic fabric applies pressure, compressing veins and helping to return blood
anxiety The condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen
aphasia inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
apical the pulse over the apex of the heart, as heard through a stethoscope or palpated
appropriate response a reply that is made that is suitable for the circumstances
artery a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
arthritits inflammation of a joint
aseptic free from disease causing microorganisms
aspiration Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs
atrophy the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; to waste away
axillary temperature Temperature taken at the armpit
back strain Injury to the muscles of the back from excessive forcible stretch
bacteria single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
barganing The attempt to postpone death until something significant is accomplished
basic needs These are the things people cannot live without, such as food, clothing, and shelter.
basic skin care care provided for resident's skin that involves cleaning, drying, and moisturizing
bed craddle a frame placed at the foot of the bed to keepthe sheets from touching the residents feet.
bed height elevation of bed in response to a certain skill being preformed
bed position the position the bed is in. also controlled by buttons on the control of the bed.
bed pan is an object used or the toileting of a bedridden patient in health care facility, usually made of a metal, glass, or plastic receptacle
bladder training goal is to gain control of urination done as directed by nurse and care plan person uses toilet/pan at frequent regular intervals and is slowly increased
biohazard medical waste that could cause infection; needles, scalpel blades, blood, body parts,feces
behavior care plan a detailed method worked out in advance for the attainment of a goal
blood pressure the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels *written as a fraction
body alignment the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned with one another; posture
body fluids tears, saliva, sputum (mucous coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, and pus or other wound drainage
body language nonverbal communication through gestures, facial expressions, behaviors, and posture
body mechanics The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury.
body temprature 98.6Fahrenhiet -37 degrees Celsius
bowel program Program that manipulates factors within a person's control (timing of defecation, exercise, diet) to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation without medication or enemas
breathing the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
burnout exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration
burns injury to tissues caused by heat contact
call light allows the patient to call for help via light and/or sound
cancer any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
cane a stick that people can lean on to help them walk
cardiac arrest The heart and breathing stop suddenly and without warning
cardiovascular system the body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood, and that carries needed substances to cells and carries waste products away from cells
care impared doing most if not all of the adls of an impared resident.
care plan a written plan for each resident created by a nurse; outlines the steps taken by the staff to help the resident reach his or her goals
cast bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal
cateracts Clouding of lens a. Vision slowly lost. b. Surgery to replace lens. c. Cause - age adn excessive exposure to UV light.
cc's in an ounce One ounce = 30 cc
central nervous system the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
cerebral vascular accident stroke
charge nurse registered nurse or licensed practical nurse;supervises the other nurses for a particular shift
cholang PERTAINING TO BILE DUCTS
chronic long established as a disease
circulation free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant)
cleaning spills apply gloves, wipe up immediately (outside to inside), cleaning solution, becareful of sharp objects and if spill gets on you wash immediately tell proper people. wash hands.
clear liquid diet a diet that consists of foods that are liquid at room temperature and leave little residue in the intestine. Ex: Water, Sprite, Ginger Ale, all beverages without any residue, broth, Jello
clergy the group of people who have been ordained for religious service
cold compress should be applied for 20 minutes at 59* to relieve inflammation and edema, should observe for adverse reactions such as burning skin, erythema, extreme paleness or cyanosis
combative resident resident with violent or hostile behavior.
comfort care care provided to keep resident comfortable when in terminal stages of dying
comunicable an infection that is transmitted from one person to another
communication an exchange of thoughts feelings and beliefs among people
compensation something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury)
compency evaluation program state operative program to certify skills persons wanting to be a nurse assistant.
confused resident the inability to think clearly., a patient with a distorted mental status
congestive heart syndrome where the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the
constipation Hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminate; often a result of too little fiber in the diet
contracture the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
contact isolation used when caring for people infected with pathogens that can be transmitted directly or indirectly
contamination The process of becoming unclean
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic bronchitis - bronchiole lining inflamed, excess mucus formed; emphysema - walls of alveoli break down; HYPOXIC DRIVE (not in asthma)
cueing use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired or that a certain behavior should stop
CVA cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
cyanotic the bluish color of the mucous membranes, nail beds, and skin that occurs when blood is not picking up an adequate amount of oxygen from the lungs
death and dying denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
decubitis ulcer Skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usuallly in a person who is bedridden; also known as a bedsore
dehydration a serious reduction in the body's water content
dementia a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes
denial a defense mechanism in which unpleasant thought or desires are ignored or excluded from consciousness
dentures false teeth
dependability the trait of being dependable or reliable
depression most common mental health problem in older people
developmental process the process of engaging in certain tasks or activities that occur at different life stages
diabetes A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.
diabetic someone who has diabetes
dialysis a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function
diet the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
dietition a health professional that plans your meals
discharging a resident The act of releasing or allowing to leave
disinfection destruction of pathogens by chemical or physical means
disoriented having lost the sense of direction or the relationship to one's surroundings
disposing of contaminated materials dispose of in a designated biohazard bag/container
dizziness feel like you can't keep your balance, faint, presyncope - if it progresses you will pass out (syncope)
DNR do not resuscitate
documentation confirmation that some fact or statement is true
dressing the act of applying a bandage
droplet a tiny drop
drowsy tired or sleepy
dry skin common in the aging person because of the decline in size, number and output of sweat and sebacious glands
dying process of decline in body functions, resulting in death of an organism
dysphasia impairment in speech consisting of lack of coordination and inability to arrange words in their proper order
emotional support Social support focused on emotional needs
emotional needs needs that affect your feelings and sense of well-being
edema swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
elastic stockings exert pressure on vains to promote venous blood flow, helping to prevent blood clot (thrombi) blood clot is a thrombus. Sluggish flow may cause thrombus if it breaks off it is an embolus
elvated head when the head has pillows under it or the bed is raised.
elimination the bodily process of discharging waste matter
emesis basin a basin used by bedridden patients for vomiting
empathy understanding and entering into another's feelings
emphasema a lung condition causing breathing impairment: a chronic medical disorder of the lungs in which the air sacs are dilated or enlarged and lack flexibility, so that breathing is impaired and infection sometimes occurs
ethics the philosophical study of moral values and rules
extermity the end part of a limb, a hand or foot
eyeglasses optical instrument consisting of a pair of lenses for correcting defective vision
fire the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke
fire saftey being so constructed or protected as to be safe from destruction by fire.
falls the most common in a care facility. Common falls in a home are by throw rugs.
fecal imparment unable to go to the bathroom
feeding the act of consuming food
flatus Gas expelled through the anus
fluid intake Gas expelled through the anus
fluid intake Gas expelled through the anus
fluid intake This will help keep a client hydrated depending on weather and type of treatment.
flexed to bend or stretch something
foot board a piece of wood or plastic placed at the end of the hospital bed and used for positioning the resident's feet
foot care daily foot check for blisters, reddened areas, swelling, providing nail clipping and applying ointment etc
foot drop contracture deformity where foot is in plantar flexed position
fowlers position semi sitting head raised at 45 - 60 degrees
fracture breaking of hard tissue such as bone
fraud something intended to deceive
free from disease not having any signs/symptoms of any illness
frequent urination urinating occurs more often than usual
gait belt device used to transfer people from one position to another or from one thing to another. For example you would use a gait belt to move a patient from a standing position to a wheelch
gastric feedings a medical device which is inserted into a patient's stomach to supplement his or her diet.
gastrostomy tube a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications
geriatrics the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
germ transmission •Spreading germs from one person or area to another. •This can be prevented by washing your hands.
gerontology the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
gestures the ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with one another
gloves handwear: covers the hand and wrist
group settings gatherings of small number of residents for the purpose of defined activities
grieving process denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
hair care brush from scalp for short, tangle free hair, brush from base for matted hair
hallucination a false sensory perception that seems to be real but for which there is not an actual external stimulus
hand tremors uncontrollable movement of the hands
handwashing Most important to prevent transfer of microorganisms btw people. vigorous rubbing together of well-lathered soapy hands. Thoroughly rinsing under stream of water and proper drying.
health care team group of people with different types of knowledge and skill levels who work together to provide holistic care to the patient or resident.
hearing impared audible signals for blind at cross walks, in elevators, and for emergency systems (smoke detector, fire alarm)
hearing loss deafness is when a person cannot understand speech from hearing alone. ranges from mild to severe, symptoms include speaking too loudly, leaning forwards to hear, cupping hand or turning head - Nervous system disorder
heart musscle Myocardium
height natural height of a person or animal in an upright position
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
HIV the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
hospice care treatment of the terminally ill in their own homes, or in special hospital units or other facilities, with the goal of helping them to die comfortably, without pain
hydration the process of combining with water
ice bag a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling
ileostomy surgical procedure that creates an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall to function as an anus
immobility the quality of not moving
immune system the cells, tissues, and organs that protect the body from disease. the immune system is composed of the white blood cells, bone marrow, thymus gland, spleen and other parts.
imparement the state of being diminished, weakened, or damaged, especially mentally or physically
incontinence inability to control bladder and/or bowels
indewling catheter for short to long term bed ridden, blood clots, bladder issues
infection an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
infection control practices and procedures that prevent the spread of infection
initional observations observations that can not be seen.
input and output I&O, what comes in and out of the body
insulin hormone regulating glucose level in blood: a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood
intake the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
intake and output a document used for recording measurements of all of the fluids that enter and leave the body
interpersonal skills Skills that promote relationships with other people.
integumentary system the skin and its appendages
isolation a state of separation between persons or groups
IV care cleaning around the IV site while refraining from tugging or putting strain on the IV or tubing.
Jaundice yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
job description a written description of the basic tasks, duties, and responsibilities required of an employee holding a particular job
laxatives medications or foods given to stimulate bowel movements
life support medical equipment that assists or replaces important bodily functions and so enables a patient to live who otherwise might not survive
lift/draw sheet A small sheet that is used to help lift or reposition a person who needs assistance with moving in bed.
linens household goods made of cloth, such as sheets and towels
liquid diet consist of liquids ( a liquid is described as food that is fluid at room temperature or becomes liquid at room temperature
listening the process of receiving, constructing meaning from, and responding to spoken and/or nonverbal messages
low sodium diet This type of diet is good for those with heart disease or kidney disease. Low salt diet; No salt added
making ocupied bed making a bed with a person in it
mask a protective covering worn over the face
maslow Humanist psychologist who developed a pyramid representing heirarchy of human needs.
Created by: KathleenLyon