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Bio EOCT Domain II

Review of EOCT content for organisms

QuestionAnswer
primary source of energy sun
converts solar energy into chemical energy photosynthesis
break down of carbohydrates to release energy cellular respiration
break down of glucose molecules and the formation of ATP cellular respiration
type of respiration that requires oxygen aerobic respiration
type of respiration that does not use oxygen anaerobic respiration
energy molecule that stores and releases energy for the cell ATP
number of phosphates in ATP 3
number of phosphates in ADP 2
when ATP loses a phosphate and realeases energy, what molecule is formed ADP
When a phosphate is removed from ATP energy is ______________. released
When a phosphate is added to ADP energy is ______________. stored
ADP is converted back to ATP through what chemical process? cellular respiration
What are the reactants (requirements) for photosynthesis? carbon dioxide and water
What are the products of photosynthesis? glucose and oxygen
What are the reactants (requirements) for aerobic respiration? glucose and oxygen
What are the products of aerobic respiration? carbon dioxide and water
How many ATP molecules are made during aerobic respiration? 36
How many ATP molecules are made during anaerobic respiration? 2
What is another name for anaerobic respiration? fermentation
What is the substance that can build up in muscle cells causing soreness during anaerobic respiration? lactic acid
What types of organisms manufacture their own food using the process of photosynthesis? autotrophs or producers
What pigment is required to absorb sunlight for photosynthesis to take place? chlorophyll
The second stage of photosynthesis when simple sugars are formed from carbon dioxide Calvin cycle
In what cell structure does photosynthesis take place? chloroplasts
What is the name of the structure within the chloroplast where the light reaction of photosynthesis takes place? thylakoids
Where does the Calvin cycle take place within the chloroplasts? stroma
What is the first step of cellular respiration? glycolysis
What is the product of glycolysis? pyruvic acid
What is the second step of cellular respiration? Kreb's cycle
What is the third step of cellular respiration? Electron Transport Chain
Where does cellular respiration take place? mitochondria
What is the best evidence or pieces of information to classify organisms? comparison of DNA and protein sequences
type of cell in Archaebacteria or Eubacteria prokaryote
number of cells in organisms that are Archaebacteria or Eubacteria unicellular
kingdom of bacteria found in extreme environments like deep thermal vents, swamps, and hot springs Archaebacteria
kingdom with eukaryotic cells that can be unicelluar or multicellular, autotrophic or heterotrophic, live in moist environments Protista
examples of this kingdom include paramecium, amoeba, and types of algae Protista
kingdom includes unicellular or multicellular heterotrophs that absorb food through their cell walls Fungi
kingdom includes autotrophic, multicellular eukaryotes with cellulose in their cell walls Plantae
kingdom includes multicellular eukaryotic heterotrophs Animalia
branch of biology that studies the grouping and naming of organisms taxonomy
the grouping of objects based on similarities classification
organisms that can interbreed and produce offspring species
largest, most inclusive classification level kingdom
smallest, most specific classification level species
kingdoms are divided into this classification level phyla
A phylum is divided into this classification level class
Classes are divided into this classification level order
Orders are divided into this classification level family
Families are divided into this classification level genus
Naming system for organisms using genus and species binomial nomenclature
2 parts of a virus capsid (protein coat) and nucleic acid
Viruses are not considered living things because they must have this to replicate host cell
the two kingdoms that have organ systems Plantae and Animalia
Created by: elaineconklin