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Bio EOCT Domain I

Review of EOCT content for cells

QuestionAnswer
Type of cell that has no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles prokaryote
Kingdoms that have prokaryotic cells Eubacteria and Archeabacteria
Type of cell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles eukaryote
4 kingdoms with eukaryotic cells Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
parts of the cell that perform a specific function organelles
Function of this cell part is to allow certain substances to pass through it cell membrane
Part of plant cells that gives support and protection cell wall
organelle that provides energy for the cell mitochondrion
Organelle that converts sunlight into chemical energy chloroplast
Organelle that breaks down food molecules and makes ATP mitochondrion
Organelle that controls the cell's activities nucleus
Organelle that contains the genetic information of the cell nucleus
Organelle that modifies and packages proteins Golgi body
Organelle that produces proteins ribosomes
Organelle that stores materials like water, food, or wastes vacuole
Internal conditions remain relatively constant even though external conditions change homeostasis
A cell membrane that only allows certain things to pass is said to be this selectively permeable
Any type of cellular transport that moves from high to low concentration and does not require energy passive transport
type of cellular transport that moves from low to high concentration and requires energy active transport
the simplest type of transport that moves from high to low concentration diffusion
movement of water molecules across the cell membrane osmosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from high to low concentration but requires a protein molecule facilitated diffusion
movement of molecules with the concentration gradient diffusion (passive transport)
movement against the concentration gradient active transport
movement of large particles into the cell by forming a vacuole endocytosis
movement of large particles out of the cell exocytosis
a biological catalyst that speeds up a reaction enzyme
the substance an enzyme acts upon substrate
The area of an enzyme where the substrate attaches active site
enzymes function by lowering the energy required to get a reaction started called this activation energy
The rate of a reaction will do this if the temperature is raised It will increase
simple sugars belong to this group of organic molecules carbohydrates
glucose, a one sugar molecule, is this type of carbohydrate monosaccharide
many sugars joined together like cellulose in cell walls, is this type of carbohydrate polysaccharide
The function of a carbohydrate energy
common name of a lipid fats and oils
function of a lipid long term energy storage, make up cell membranes
organic molecules that are building blocks of the body including enzymes, muscles, hair, nails. proteins
Organic molecules that store and transmit genetic information nucleic acids
two types of nucleic acids DNA and RNA
the monomer that makes up proteins amino acids
the monomer that makes up nucleic acids nucleotides
type of solution with a high concentration of solutes hypertonic
type of solution with a low concentration of solutes hypotonic
What happens to a cell in a hypertonic solution? shrinks
What happens to a cell in a hypotonic solution? swells
If a cell with 1% solute concentration is placed in a solution with a 3% solute concentration, what will happen to the cell? shrinks, hypertonic solution
Created by: elaineconklin