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The Face

the face and related structures

TermDefinition
Malocclusion deviation of normal alignment of opposable bones. Misalighnment of jaw, leads to head aches, cervical muscle strain and weakness
the ear focuses acoustical energy and chagees it to electrical energy to be interpreted by the brain.
external ear cartilaginous funner to bring sound into the body
middle ear houses the tympanic membrane, acts as a microphone sending vibrations to inner ear.
Eustachian tubes middle ear, connects the nasal passages, regulates pressure in the middle ear
inner ear converts mechanical vibrations into electrical impulses that sent to the brain, fluid filled canals help in balance and posture
Airflow nostrils, nasal passages, pharynx, trachea, lungs
larynx most susceptible part of the throat to injury
lingual frenulum connects the tongue to the oral cavity
oral vestibule area between the lips and the teeth
Bell's Palsy disease caused by the damage of facial nerves that leaves the facial muscle flaccid. the involved side will appear elongated
tinnitus ringing in the ear secondary to head trauma
epistaxis nosebleed from direct blow or from dry, hot air
otoscope used to check the inner ear
Battle's sign discoloration under ear lobes secondary to basilar skull fracture
neurological testing facial sensations, hearing, smell
cauliflower ear auricular hematoma, repeated trauma to the ear, scar tissue build up, treatment:draining by physician
Otis Externa swimmer's ear, infection of auditory meatus inside the ear, due to bacteria or fungus, treatment: acid based ear drops with antibiotics/corticosteroids
Otitis Media inner ear infection, ear canals filled with mucus, treatment:antibiotics
LeFort Fracture I only maxillary bone
LeFort Fracture II maxillary bone and nasal bone
LeFort Fracture III Crosses the zygomatic bone and the orbit
Tartar hardened plague
periodontitis infection of the tooth's supporting structures
Created by: jessica_05_29