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Artic 1st Exam

Articulation class, terms and easy first exam stuff

TermDefinition
Allophone variant production of a phoneme
Articulation modification of the airstream by the speech organs in production of spoken language
Coarticulation an articulatory process whereby individual phonemes overlap one another due to timing constraints and ease of production
Cognates phonemes that differ only in voicing
Comorbidity multiple communication problems
Cononical babbling reduplicated babbling
Consonants produced by vocal tract constrictions that modify the breath stream coming from the larynx (place, voice, and manner)
Distinctive features a set of binary features designed to describe the phonemes in all languages of the world
intelligibility the single most practical measurement of oral communication
Manner the way in which the airstream is modified as is passes through the vocal tract in production of consonants
marked sounds that are difficult to pronounce or perceive
morpheme the smallest unit of language capable of carrying meaning
obstruents a class of sounds including the stops, fricatives, and affricates; also referred to as non-resonant consonants; produced with a constriction in the oral cavity that results in turbulence in the airstream coming from the larynx
phoneme a speech sound capable of differentiating morphemes
phonetics the study of the speech sounds, their acoustic and perceptual characteristics and how they are produce by the speech organs
phonological awareness the ability to reflect on and manipulate the structure of an utterance as distinct from its meaning and is essential for the development of reading and spelling
phonological process simplifications used by children not capable of producing adult speech patterns
phonology the systematic organization of speech sounds in the production of language; the study of the linguistic rules that specify the manner in which phonemes are organized and combined into syllables, words, and sentences
Place refers the the specific articulators employed in the production of a particular phoneme; the location of the constriction in the vocal tract in production of a consonant
sonorants a class of sounds produced with resonance throughout the entire vocal tract (not as much airstream coming from the larynx)
suprasegmentals a feature of speech production, such as stress, intonation, and timing, which transcends the phonemic level
unmarked sounds that are easier and more natural
vowels a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflow in the vocal tract (tongue advancement, height, and lip rounding)
diary studies go day to day recording first words of child, problem is that it is usually parents, so they learn the child's speech from being around the child
large-group cross-sectional studies milestones came from these studies, structure. (problem is sound imitation)
longitudinal studies started to study children that weren't typical along with typical children
Natural Phonology Theory brought about phonological processes
Behaviorist Model Theory brought about reinforcements
Generative Phonology Theory brought about a set of phonological rules
Nonlinear Phonology Theory brought about using established sounds in new syllable shapes
Optimality Theory Theory used to understand typical development of speech
Sonority Hypothesis Theory use to analyze phonemic awareness
Phase 1 of SS Acquisition foundation of speech
foundation of speech age level (0-1)
Phase 2 of SS Acquisition moving from words to speech
moving from words to speech age level (1-2)
Phase 3 of SS Acquisition growth of inventory
growth of inventory age level (2-5)
Phase 4 of SS Acquisition mastery of speech and literacy
mastery of speech and literacy age level (5+)
factors that influence SS development gender, socioeconomic status, concomitant lang. development
Organically Based SS disorders obvious etiology
Speech Sound Disorders of Unknown Origin classification systems possible etiology, psycholinguistic deficit, symptomology
psycholinguistic deficit how things are processed in the brain
symptomology groups by error patterns
Created by: Karlynn