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Ch 2 Cell in Action

There are many processes carried out in the cell.

TermDefinition
Diffusion The movement of any kind of particles from areas of high concentration to low concentration
Osmosis The movement of WATER molecules from areas of high concentration to low concentration
Endocytosis The process of cells taking in nutrients (active)
Exocytosis The process of cells putting out waste products (active)
Active Transport Moving the materials into or out of a cell with the use of extra energy (ATP)
Passive Transport Moving the materials into or out of a cell without the use of extra energy (no ATP)
Cellular Respiration takes in Glucose (food) and oxygen (G,O) go in
Cellular Respiration releases Energy (ATP), Carbon Dioxide, and Water (E,CO,W)
Photosynthesis takes in Carbon Dioxide, Water, and Sunlight (CO,W,S)
Photosynthesis releases Glucose (food) and oxygen (G,O) go out
Cellular Respiration Breaking down food WITH OXYGEN to release energy (ATP)
Fermentation Breaking down food WITHOUT OXYGEN to release energy (ATP)
Chromosomes Bundles of DNA instructions
Interphase The longest stage when the cell grows and makes copies of its chromosomes
Prophase The stage when the membrane around the nucleus dissolves and the chromosomes condense into rod-like structures
Metaphase The stage when the chromosomes meet in the middle of the cell
Anaphase The stage when the chromosomes pull away from each other
Telophase The stage when new nuclei form around the chromosomes
Cytokinesis The stage when the cell divides and becomes two separate cells
A way to remember the stages of the cell cycle in order After a long INTROduction, the PRO MET ANNA at the TELephone booth for CHINESE food
Glucose Food that is prepared by plants by capturing the energy of sunlight in their chloroplasts
Chloroplast The organelle where photosynthesis takes place and food is prepared
Mitochondrion The organelle where cellular respiration takes place and energy is released
Binary Fission Bacteria reproduce through this method. DNA copies and bacteria pinch in the middle and separate
Photosynthesis Plants make food (glucose) by using sunlight
Created by: browngdavid