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Wilson, Biology

Organic Molecules

carbohydrate a type of organic molecule in living things; carbohydrates include sugars and starches used for energy or as structural materials
lipid a type of organic molecule in living things; lipids include fats, cholesterol, and triglycerides
protein a type of organic molecule composed of amino acids
nucleic acid a type of organic molecule that stores an organism's genetic information; DNA and RNA are nucleic acids
organic matter that contains at least one carbon atom bonded to a hydrogen atom or another carbon atom
functions of a carbohydrate glucose, starch, glycogen, cellolose
monosaccharide one glucose monomer
polysaccharides many glucose monomers
disaccharide two glucose monomers
functions of lipids phosphoplipids, steriods, fats
functions of proteins insulin, enzymes, hemoglobin
functions of nucleic acids DNA, RNA
nucleic acid monomer nucleotide
protein monomer amino acid
carbohydrate monomer glucose
lipid monomer triglyceride
glucose provides short term energy
DNA genetic information
fats long term energy storage
enzymes speeds up chemical reaction
Created by: walterbrinker