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Exam 2: 175

QuestionAnswer
Turbinates 3 bones that protrude into the nasal cavity from the internal portion of the nose.
Eustachian tubes Connect the nasopharynx with the middle ears and open during swallowing to equalize pressure within the middle ear.
Carnia The trachea branches into the right and left mainstream bronchi at this junction.
Acinus The structural unit consisting of a respiratory bronchiole, an alveolar duct and an an alveolar sac.
Hemoptysis Blood in the sputum.
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND) Intermittent dyspnea during sleep.
Methoglobinemia Altered iron state that does not carry oxygen, resulting in tissue hypoxia (cyanosis unresponsive to oxygen therapy; chocolate brown colored blood).
Thoracentesis The aspiration of pleural fluid or air.
Aphonia Inability to produce sound.
Leukoplakia White, patchy lesions.
Erythroplakia Red, velvety patches.
Cor Pulmonale Right-sided heart failure caused by pulmonary disease.
Steatorrhea Excessive fat in stools.
Hemoptysis Bloody sputum.
Fibrinolysis Clot breakdown.
Decidua vera Endrometrium; external layer that has no contact with the fetus.
Decidua basalis Endometrium; uterine lining beneath the site of implantation.
Decidua capsularis Endometrial tissue that covers the baby.
Chadwick's sign One of the earliest signs of pregnancy; discoloration (bluish, purple hue) that appears on the cervix, vagina, and vulva.
Goodell's sign Cervical softening from stimulation from estrogen and progesterone.
Leukorrhea Whitish vaginal discharge
Chloasma Dark, blotchy brownish pigmentation along the hairline, brow, nose, and cheeks.
Epulis gravidarum Red, raised nodules appearing at the gum line during pregnancy.
Ptyalism Excessive saliva production often with a bitter taste.
Diastasis recti The rectus abdominis muscles separate (during pregnancy).
Pediculosis Pubic lice
Involution The reduction in uterine size after birth to the nonpregnant state.
Mentum Fetal chin
Sinciput Anterior area known as the "brow"
Bregma Large, diamond-shaped anterior fontanel
Vertex The area between the anterior and the posterior fontanels.
Occiput The area beneath the posterior fontanel.
Lightening The beginning of engagement where fetal head settles downward.
Bloody show The expulsion of a blood-tinged mucus plug
Amniotomy When the health care practitioner ruptures the amniotic membranes.
Tachycardia (fetus) >160 bpm for 10+ minutes
Bradycardia (fetus) <110-120 bpm for 10+ minutes
Nuchal cord Cord that is tightly wrapped around the fetal neck
Acrocyanosis Normal newborn cyanosis at the 1 minute Apgar check.
Lochia Bloody vaginal discharge
Lochia rubra Bloody vaginal discharge that appears bright red.
Puerperium The 6 weeks after giving birth "fourth trimester"
Subinvolution Failure of the uterus to return to the nonpreganant state.
Parturition The act of giving birth
DSM-IV axis I Reason for admission
DSM-IV axis II Pyshcological disorders of long-standing
DSM-IV axis III Physical disorders
DSM-IV axis IV Psycho-social stressors
DSM-IV axis V GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning)
Rusty sputum Bacterial pneumonia
Thin mucoid sputum Viral bronchitis
Gradual increase of sputum over time Chronic bronchitis
Pink-tinged mucoid sputum ?lung tumor, broken blood vessels
Profuse, frothy pink sputum Pulmonary edmea
Malodorous sputum and bad breath Lung abscess, anaerobic infection
Clear to gray with brown specks sputum Smoking sputum
Respiratory assessment: SOIPPA History, physical exam: inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation
Created by: cmpenney88