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MOD 1 Lesson 1 L.T

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
What is a section of central processing unit that performs arithmetic computations and logical operations? Arithemtic/Logic Unit (ALU)
A machine language that is made up of only 0s and 1s is a(n)? Binary
What is a single zero or a single one in machine language? Bit
Whats is a type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored is a(n)? BIOS ROM
A single character in computer langauge; eight bits are eqaul to one byte is a(n)? Byte
What is a Microprocesser that is the brains of the computer? Central Processing Unit (CPU)
A thin plate or board that contains electronic components is a? Circuit Board
What is an electronic device that receives data (input), processes data, stores data, and procduces a result. Computer
What is a coordinate all of the processor's activities? Control Unit
Text, numbers, sound, images, or video is a(n)? Data
A single chip that contains two separate processors Dual-Core Processors
Perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digital watch or an MP3 player. Emebedded Computer
A special file located in sector 0 on a disk that contains information about the sizes and locations of files stored on a disk. File Allocation Table (FAT)
A magnetic disk on which you can store computer data. Hard Disk
Output produced by a computer Information
Short term or long term way to store a file or information Memory
Small general-purpose computers that can generally fit into palm of your hand Mobile devices
Circuit board mounted in a computer case that contains integral components Motherboard
An expansion that provides for more than two separate processors Multicore processor
A hard drive or a tape located on a computer other than the user's local system. Network drive
Notebook computers
Short term memory located on the motherboard that the computer can read from and write to temporarily. Random access memory (RAM)
Stores specific instructions needed for computer operations. Read-only memory (ROM)
Used to extend disk space on a server and eliminate the addition of more hard disks or other storage devices. Remote storage
A general-purpose computer that can support a few users or hundreds of users; variations include file server, database server, and Web server. Server
Instructions or programs for controlling the computer. Software
Fastest type of computer; used for specialized applications to process enormous amounts of data. Supercomputer
Personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad; used with stylus or digital pen on a touch screen. Tablet PC
Circles on a magnetic storage device where data is stored or retrieved. Tracks
Small removable solid-state storage device. USB Flash Drive
Created by: lilatoms