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Hygienist Fundmtls

Fundamentals of Dental Hygiene Final Review

QuestionAnswer
What organization regulates state and federal health and safety laws for employees? OSHA
What term means the absence of pathogenic microbes? Aseptic technique
What barrier precautions must be applied the same way, every day, for every client, for the care of all clients? Standard Precautions
Name 4 modes of disease transmission 1.Direct contact 2. Indirect (cross contamination) 3. Droplet (spatter; ex. sneeze) 4.Inhalation (ex.microbes that remain suspended in the air)
T of F: Anything within 3 ft of the client's mouth is considered contaminated. True
This is the most important thing we can do to prevent the transmission of disease Hand washing
Defn: Microbes on inanimate object Fomite
Defn: asymptomatic, but pathogens are still transmittable Carrier
Defn: A disease producing microbe Pathogen
Defn: The percentage of invasiveness of a pathogen Virulence
What does Isonozide treat? Tuberculosis
Name some diseases that are a major concern for a health care worker. HIV, TB, Hep C, Herpes
What is the term for the reduction of bioburden? Disinfection
What temp is the autoclave set at? 250 degrees F
How long should an object be sterilized for in an autoclave? 15-20 min
Give an example of a Critical instrument. Scaler, ultrasonic inserts, probe
Give an example of a Semi-critical instrument. Mirror, impression tray, ultrasonic handpiece
Give an example of a noncritical instrument. light handles, client chair, radiology unit
What are the 3 basic parts of an instrument? The handle, shank and working end
What is the zone of operation for the left/right handed clinician? Right- 2:00-8:00, Left- 10:00-4:00
How should client be positioned when working on the mandibular arch? Semi supine, so the chin is facing down
How should the client be positioned when working on the maxillary arch? In a supine position.
T or F: When working on a client, it's ok to be bent down close to the client's mouth and for the arms to be flared out. False! Arms should be bent at a 90 degree angle and close to the sides. Head should be 14-16 inches from the mouth and back is straight.
What are contraindications for client in supine position? Last trimester of pregnancy, Extreme obesity, Back problems, Breathing problems (asthma)
What is the average body temperature for an adult? 98.6 F
What is the range for pulse in an adult? 60-100 BPM
Where do you check the pulse in an adult? Radial artery
What does Pyrexia mean? The person has a fever
What are the normal range for respirations? a. 20-40 b. >80 c. 12-24 d.8-12 or e.none of the above C. 12-24 RPM
When taking blood pressure, what is the ideal range? <120/<80 mmHg
What is the range for prehypertension? 120-139/80-89 mmHg
What is the rage for Stage I Hypertension? 140-159/90-99 mmHg
What is the range for Stage II Hypertension? 160-179/100-109 mmHg
What is the range for Stage III Hypertension? 180-209/110-119 mmHg
What is the range for Stage IV Hypertension? >210/>120 mmHg
What is the top # of blood pressure reading? Systolic (ventricular closing)
What is the bottom # of blood pressure reading? Diastolic (ventricular opening)
Which number is more important when looking at blood pressure? Whatever # is highest...it may put the client into a different category. ex. 110/89 puts the client in prehypertension. Although 110 is "normal" 89 puts the client into a different category of prehypertension
What are some factors that can effect a blood pressure reading? White coat syndrome, crossed feet, talking, position of the client, Age of client.
What artery are you listening to when you take blood pressure? Brachial artery
T or F: 90% of all emergencies can be avoided by a complete, accurate, and updated medical history. True
What are the methods used when attaining a medical history? Interview and Questionnaire
What premeditations are typically used? and what is the dose? 1. 2G Amoxicillin or 2. 600mg Clindamycin
When would a client need to be premeditated? Joint replacement, Heart valve replacement, (MVP) Mitral Valve prolapse, Bacterial endocarditis
How long before treatment should a client have taken a premedication? 1 hour before treatment
WAG stands for ______ and is calculated by________. Width of Attached Gingiva; (FGM to MGJ)- Probe depth
GM to JE is what measurement? Probe depth
How is recession measured? from CEJ to Gingival Margin
When you have attachment loss, CAL is measured when you add ________. GM to JE (probe depth) + CEJ to GM (recession)
When the Gingival Margin covers the CEJ, CAL is measured when you subtract _______. GM to JE (probe depth) - GM to CEJ
FGG (Free Gingival Groove) is the same as what? the base of the sulcus
Created by: lroberge