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ME blood/lymph

QuestionAnswer
what are the 8 main branches of the external carotid artery? superior temporal, maxillary, posterior auricular, occipital, facial, lingual, ascending pharyngeal, superior thyroid
what are the branches of the lingual artery? suprahyoid, sublingual, deep lingual, dorsal lingual
what does the suprahyoid branch supply? the suprahyoid muscles
what does the sublingual branch supply? floor of mouth & sublingual salivary gland
what does the deep lingual branch supply? apex and body of tongue
what does the dorsal lingual branch supply? base of tongue, tonsils, soft palate
what are the branches of the facial artery? angular, lateral nasal, superior labial, inferior labial, submental, tonsilar, ascending palatine
what does the angular branch supply? skin of nose and eyelids
what does the lateral nasal branch supply? skin and muscles of nose
what does the superior labial branch supply? upper lip
what does the inferior labial branch supply? lower lip
what does the submental branch supply? anterior belly of digastric, mylohyoid, both salivary glands
what does the tonsilar branch supply? palatine tonsils
what does the ascending palatine branch supply? soft palate and pharynx
what does the maxillary artery supply? pulp, gingiva, hard palate
define meninges connective tissue coverings that enclose the brain and spinal cord. also enclose major arteries to the brain and the VDS
define venous dural sinuses (VDS) are specialized veins between the 2 layersofthe dura matter.
define emissary veins connect extra-cranial veins with intra-cranial veins
what are the three layers of the meninges dura matter (outermost), arachnoid membrane (middle), pia mater (innermost)
what are lymph capillaries? blind-ended endothelial tubes which collect fluid from tissue spaces
what are lymph vessels? larger and thicker than capillaries, have valves to ensure one way flow of lymph through the vessel. transports fluid from capillaries to ducts.
what are ducts? two large channels which receive fluid from the lymph vessels and empty inot the venous circulation
what is lymph? the tissue fluid collected in lymphatic channels
what are lymph nodes? oval or bean-shaped, grouped in clusters along connecting vessels, composed of organized lymphoid tissue. contain lymphocytes.
what do lymph nodes do? filter toxic products from lymph to prevent entry into the blood system
what are regional nodes? recieves lymph from definite region, 1st site at which pathologic processes manifest if they spread from their primary location via lymph vessels
what are central nodes? receive lymph from primary nodes. can be primary for another region.
define hematoma bruise that results when a blood vessel is injured and blood escapes and clots in surrounding tissue
define hemorrhage large amounts of blood that escape into surrounding tissue without clotting when a blood vessel is injured
define embolus foreign material such as thrombus traveling in the blood that can block the vessel
what is lemphadenopathy an increase in size and change in consistency of lymphoid tissue
what are the first 4 components of the lyphatic ring of waldeyer and their location 1. palatine tonsils - between palatoglossel & palatopharyngeal arches 2. lingual tonsils - dorsal surface tongue at base 3. pharyngeal tonsils - in nasopharynx between auditory tubes 4. tubal tonsil - nasophar. posterior to openings of aud. tubes
what is the 5th component of the lymphatic ring of waldeyer and its location 5. solitary lymph follicles - masses of lymph tissue sometimes on arches, pillars, pharyngeal mucosa
define mestastasis spread of cancer from original site (primary toanother or secondary site. can spread into and through lymph nodes
what is the function of the lymph system? return fluid from tissue spaces into venous blood supply. removes toxics from blood.
what is the major vein draining the oral cavity lingual
what 2 major arteries supply the brain internal and external carotid artery
what is the cavernous sinus communicates by anastomoses with the contralateral sinus and the pterygoid plexus of veins.
why the cavernous sinus important to dental professionals it can be involved in the spread of dental infection which can lead to fatal results
what are the drainage patterns of lymph nodes lymph flows into node by afferent vessels, out by one efferent vessel. regional -> central
the post. sup. alv. artery and its branches supply the max. post. teeth and periodontium
describe the pterygoid plexus drains the max. and mand. dental tissue
the superficical temporal vein and max. vein merge to form the... retromandiular vein
which artery arises from the inf. alv. artery before it enters the mand. canal mylohyoid artery
which artery supplies the mucous membranes and the glands of the hard and soft palates? great and less palatine ateries
what results when a clot dislodges and travels in a vessel embolus
describe the max. artery enters the pterygopalatine fossa and forms terminal branches
a venous sinus within th vascular system is a blood filled tissue space between two tissue layers
what artery is a branch fromthe facial artery superior labial
what is a smaller vessel that branches off an arteriole to supply blood directly to the tissue capillary
the carotid pulse can be palpated by the EMS at the level of the ... thyroid cartilage
the tongue is supplied mainly by the brach from the ... external carotid artery
which artery is sometimes visible under the skin of the temporal region superficial temporal
which artery anastomoses with the anterior sup. alv. artery posterior sup. alv. artery
which results from blood excaping into surrounding tissue and clotting hematoma
for the left side the common carotid and subclavian arteries arise directly from the .. aorta
what is the larger terminal branch of the external carotid artery maxillary artery
the brachiocephalic veins unite to form the ... superior vena cava
what structure is contained in the carotid sheath? internal jugular vein
what lymph nodes have both superficial and deep nodes parotid nodes
which structure leaves each individual lymph node at the hilus efferent lymphatic vessels
what lymph nodes are subdivisions of the facial lymph nodes malar, buccal, nasolabial, mandibular
which component of the lymphatic system have one way valves vessels
which nodes drain lymph from a local region before the lymph flows to a more distant region primary
the buccal lymph nodes are located superficial to what buccinator muscle
which lymph node extends from the base of the skull to the root of the neck deep cervial nodes
where are the external jugular nodes located alnog the external jugular vein
which area does the thoracic duct empty junction of the left internal jugular and subclavian veins
which primary nodes drain the skin and mucous membrane of the lower face submandibular nodes
what is the secondary nodes for occipital nodes deep cervical nodes
what lymph nodes are considered parts of the superficial cervical lymph nodes external & anterior jugular nodes
where are submental nodes located between mand. symphasis and hyoid bone
which node is easily palpable when the palatine tonsils are inflamed jugulodiastric node
what is the primary node for max 3rd molar if becomes infected superior deep cervical nodes
a patient with breast cancer has involvement with the axillary noces, whih nodes in the neck area primaryily communicate with these nodes inferior deep cervical nodes
what characterizes nodes involved in metastasis bony hard
what is the last location for lymph before reentering systemic circulation thoracic duct
enlargement of lymph nodes happens because? white blood cells in node mult to fight an infection
what are prominent nodes that drain both the tongue and submental region jugulo-omohyoid nodes
which tonsil (also called adenoids) can be normally enlarged in children pharyngeal tonsil
which nodes drain the infrahyoid region of the neck anterior jugular
Created by: mnerion