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ASVAB BIOLOGY

QuestionAnswer
Carnivores eat ______. Meat
Herbivores eat _______. Plants
omnivores eat_____. Meat and Plants.
Who is Swedish botanist created common classification system of _________? Carl Linnaeus, Taxonomy
What are the 7 classification system? 1. Kingdom 2. Phylum 3. Class 4. Order 5. Family 6. Genus 7. Species
Describe Kingdom? It is broadest level, contains most of organisms, members share few characteristics.
Describe Phylum? Next major taxonomic group. Within the Kingdoms, organisms are divided into phyla by general characteristics. EX. Animal Kingdom, animals with backbones (Vertebrates) are placed in separate phyulum from animals without backbones.
Describe Class? Organisms in phylum are divided into class. EX. birds, mammals and fish all go in their own classes. Among plants, all flowering plants comprise the ANGIOSPERM CLASS. all CONIFERS such as pines and spruces comprise CONIFER CLASS.
Describe Family ? Families divided further from Class, same class by similar characteristics.
Describe Genus? Two or more species that share unique body structures or other characteristics are closely related enough to be placed in a single genus. Genus may include single species.
Describe Species? A species is the most specific level, so it contains the fewest types of organisms. Same species with very similar characteristics.
Describe Kingdom Animalia? This kingdom includes all animals
Describe Phylum Chordata? All vertebrate animals belong to the phylum Chordata.
Describe Class Mammalia? All mammals belong to this class
Describe Order Carnivora? All mammals that eat meat belong jto the order carnivora
Describe Family Felidae? The Family felidae includes all cats
Describe Genus Panthera? This genus includes all the roaring cats such as lions, tigers, jaguars and leopards.
Species leo Just a lion
Which kingdom humans belong to? Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, class mammalia, the order primata, the family Hominidae, The genus Homo, Species Sapiens.
What are the FIVE Kingdoms? 1.Animals 2.Plants 3.Monerans 4.Protists 5.Fungi
Explain Animal Kingdom One of two largest kingdom, no cell wall,chlorophyll,photosynthesis. BUT can move, many cells, 1,000,000 species
Explain Plant Kingdom one of two largest kingdom. Can't move, no nervous or sensory system (Execpt Venus Flytrap)
Explain Monerans Kingdom Includes Bacteria and Cyanobacteria (blue green algae)-no nucleus, 10,000 species discovered
Explain Protists Kingdom One Celled organisms that do have a nucleus, Protozoan, 250,000 species discovered
Explain Fungi Kingdom Mushrooms and yeast. No Photosynthesize, do have cell walls made of carbohydrate called chitin. More than 100,000 species belong.
______ Phyla make up the Animal Kingdom, and 12 main phyla comprise the plant Kingdom. ______ consists of two phyla, _____ have seven phyla, and Fungi are made up of ______ phyla. Monerans, four
What are the components of Central Nervous System? Brain, spinal cord and nerves
What are the components of Circulatory system? Heart, Blood, and blood Vessels
What are the components of Digestive system? Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum and anus
What are the components of Musculoskeletal system? Bones, joints, voluntary and involuntary muscles.
What are the components of Respiratory system? Nose, nasal cavity, trachea, lungs, and blood
What does Central Nervous system do? Recieves, processes, responds to all physical stimuli
What does Circulatory system do? Delivers oxygenate blood from heart-blood back to heart
What does Digestive system do? Breaks down food into smaller substance
What does Musculoskeletal system do? Bones support the body muscles and organs
What does respiratory system do? Inhales air, uses t he oxygen in the air to release energy and exhales the carbon dioxide.
What are three cell structures? 1. Nucleus 2. Cytoplasm 3. Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
Explain cell structure, Nucleus controls cellular activity, like brain behind the cell such as DNA
Explain Cell structure, Cytoplasm gel-like substance, composed mostly of water inside the cell membrane and outside the nucleus. Contains many chemicals that carry out the life processes in the cell.
Explain Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane) This thin membrane holds the cell together, protecting the nucleus and cytoplasm
_____ Cell have a firm cell wall that supports and protects the cell. _____ cell don't have such structure. Plant, Animal
____Cell have larger vacuoles (storage areas) than those found in ____ cells Plant Cell, Animal Cell
____ Cells contain centrioles (Cylindrical structures involved in cell division). Most ____ cell and ____ cell don't. Animal, Plant, Fungi
_____Cells have _________which aren't found in ____ Cells. Animal Cells, Lysosomes(sacs of enzymes), plant
Describe 10 plant cellular structures 1.Chloroplasts 2.Cell Wall 3.Nucleus 4.Chromatin 5.Nucleoplasm 6.Ribosome 7.Cytoplasm 8.Mitochondria 9.Cell membrane 10.Vacuole
what is Chloroplast? Contains Chlorophyll, produces food
What is Cell Wall? Protects the cell
What is Nucleus? The "Brain" of the cell
What is Chromatin? Thin Fibers containing genes
What is Nucleoplasm? Protoplasm(living material) in the nucleus
What is Ribosome? Combines amino acids into proteins
What is cytoplasm? the Cell's factory
What is mitochondria? Produce the energy for cellular activity
What is cell membrane? Contains the cellular material within it
What is Vacuole? Storage Area
What are the cellular structure of Animal Cell? 1. Nucleus 2. Chromatiin 3. Nucleoplasm 4. Ribosome 5. Cytoplasm 6. Mitochondria 7. Cell membrane 8. Vacuole
What is Metabolism? Chemical processes within a cell that are necessary for life to be maintained
What is Osmosis? Movement of water through the cell membrane
What is Phagocytosis? Acquisition of particles of material from outside of the cell; it's accomplished by surrounding the particles and passing them t hrough the cell membrane
What is Cellular respiration? Process in which food is broken down, producing energy
Healthy person contains _____ pairs of _________. 23 pairs of chromosomes
Most cells reproduce by _____. Mitosis
Sex cells (eggs and sperm) reproduce through ______. Meiosis
Sex Cells divides into _____ cells. Four
Female Sex chromosomes looks like? XX
Male Sex chromosomes look like? XY
The child always recieves an ____ chromosomes from the mother. X
The father can contribute either an ____ or a ____ chromosomes. Determining Sex of child X , Y
The ____ is the smallest part of an element that still retains the characteristics of that element Atom
_____ are negatively charged particles that floats around atom's nucleus or core. Electrons
Neutrons are ? particles with no charge
Protons are ___? positively charged particles.
Each element has its own atomic number that's equal to the number of ______. Protons
If an atom has one proton in its nucleus it has the _____ number of ____. Atomic number of 1
Magnesium which has 12 protons in its nucleus is given atomic number of _____? 12
Atoms can combine with each other to form_______. molecule
If combined atoms are of two or more different elements, the molecule is called_____? compound
what is table of contents called in other name>? Periodic table
What is atomic number for Hydrogen? atomic number 1
What is atomic number for Helium? Atomic number 2
What is atomic number for carbon? atomic number 6
What is atomic number for nitrogen? atomic number 7
What is atomic number for oxygen? Atomic number 8
What is atomic number for sodium? Atomic number 11
What is atomic number for Iron? Atomic number 26
What is atomic number for copper? Atomic number 29
What is atomic number for gold? Atomic number 79
What is atomic number for mercury? Atomic number 80
WHat is atomic number for lead? Atomic number 82
What is atomic number for uranium? Atomic number 92
What is atomic number for plutonium? Atomic number 94
Kinetic energy is motion energy
Gas particles move around ______. very quickly
Liquid particles move more ______. Slowly
Solid particles move much more ______. Slowly
What are two kinds of substances? 1. Reactants 2. Products.
What is reactants? the elements or molecules involved in the reaction
What is products? The elements or molecules that result from the chemical reaction
Earth's solar system consists of the ____ and a number of smaller bodies that sun's mass holds in orbit. sun
The sun's mass creates _____, and this ____ controls the movements of the smaller bodies. Gravity, Gravity
The ____ is the largest and most important object in the solar system. SUN
Sun contains _____ percent of the solar system's _____. 99.8, Mass
The ____ provides most of the heat and light and other energy that makes life possible SUN
Pluto is refered to ____ Planet Ninth planet
Pluto is called ? Dwarf Planet
How does pluto travels in universe? it travels around the sun in an elongated oval path much different from nearly circular orbits of other planet.
Describe Planet Pluto Pluto is small and solid and contains 1/500 of mass of earth
Pluto is planet? Pluto is no longer considered a planet but inseatd of dwarf planet.
According to the planet definition solar system consists of ? eight planets and three dwarf planetsk
Sun's outer layer is Hot and stormy
The hot gases and electically charged particels in those outer layer of sun stream into space and cause ________. Solar eruption
The flow of gasses caused by ________, createds particles to form _______ _____. Solar eruption, Solar wind
Created by: tjddn8888